After purchasing a country area for giving Before becomes Actual question of how to build a country house with your own hands. Well, build it yourself —It is quite possible, if, of course, the huge "palace" is not conceived, requiring the involvement of construction equipment and the team of professionals.
Usually, compact buildings are chosen for cottages, but However , the house must have everything you need for Recreation - Rooms , kitchen, veranda. The latter will become a favorite place for evening Strengthening all family. It is very important to make the country house become cozy and comfortable, so you need to think over all the nuances of its arrangement.
The optimal material for the country's construction is wood, and the construction principle is a framework.
Of course, the first thing you need to do —It is to decide on the place and size of the construction, to make a project, plan further work.
Pro CT of a small country house
The size of the future house largely depends on the area of the country area, the number of family members and material opportunities owners . If you correctly plan, make a good project and choose inexpensive, but high-quality material for construction, you can save space, facilities And the time of work.
Most often, the country house has a size of 5.0 × 6.0 or 4.0 × 6. 0 M. . Buildings more squares are much less likely, and primarily In cases where they are planned to be operated year-round. But this is, rather, there will be no country house, but a full-fledged country house.
Planning the location of the house, possibly, will have to be carried out on the basis of the requirements that can be established by the Board of the Horticultural Partnership, so By purchasing a plot, such nuances need to be recognized in advance. Most often, the following distances are required:
- The house must be installed at a distance of 3 meters from the border of the neighboring section, and from the fence separating the plot from the overall passage (Street) —5 meters.
- In order to Property Fire safety Stone house from another stone structure are located at least six meters at a distance, and from wooden —ten If the house is wooden, then it should be installed at a distance not closer to 15- T. meters from another wooden structure.
- So that the house does not cover the neighboring buildings from sunlight, if it is put on the eastern, southern or western side of the site, it is located at a distance from another residential building, least equal to its height.
Usually for the installation of the country house is chosen the highest place on a plot in which Water will not gather when melting snow or from heavy rains. Increased humidity under the house never Will go It is for no single building material, but it will always affect the overall strength and durability of the design.
Most often for the construction of country houses, the following technologies of its construction are chosen: frame-shield construction, log cabins Brenen , Walls from blocks or bricks.
For summer cottages, single-storey houses with closed or open verandas, or terraces are predominantly selected. Often the structure has an attic room used for storing gardening equipment and other things that are unnecessary seemingly in everyday use, but which can always come in handy in the country. However, it happens that in some projects the beams of the attic overlap are absent at all, and then the roof rates simultaneously perform the role of the ceiling.
If the family is big, and the plot area is not so great, as I would like, then you can plan a two-storey house that occupies quite a bit of place. In this case, the first floor can be given under the living room, terrace and kitchen, and on the second —Arrange cozy bedrooms for the whole family.
Not necessarily In the giving structure to build a full-fledged second floor, as its role can perfectly perform an attic superstructure. Deposit her Natural materials, there you can create a wonderful healthy summer atmosphere.
County houses are mainly used in warm period of the year , beginning with arrival Spring and ending in autumn. Therefore, the enhanced warming of walls and roofs they do not require, but the instruments for heating rooms Still must be provided —In case of cold nights or decrease in temperature with unstable weather. Usually, electrical appliances are used as heaters, such as convectors or infrared film emitters, but sometimes the owners prefer to even install fireplaces or cast iron heating and cooking furnaces.
By the way, if it is conceived by the construction of a real fireplace or a brick furnace, then they must be included in the Compiled Project.
There are also ready-made variants of country houses that are sold complete in the disassembled form, which you just need to deliver to the site and collect. To any similar set of parts, detailed instructions are made, in which the procedure for carrying out work, main technological Receivers and diagrams of compounds of individual elements and nodes.
For land owner that It has basic construction skills, will not be a lot of work to collect a similar country house independently. The main advantage of this option can be called that often the kit already includes everything you need for an electric network of the building, for its ventilation system, and even for mounting the water supply.
Video: A small neat cottage house justifies naught name
What type of house to choose?
Deciding with an exemplary future house plan, you need to choose the material for its construction. This choice will depend not only the view of the building itself, but also the comfort of staying in Nem. , as well as the cost of its construction.
- Traditional material for the country house is wood that will create in Nem. A favorable microclimate, filling it with the smells of the forest. Wooden house can be Erected skewing method, from a bar or Brenen . The disadvantage of wooden buildings consider the high fire hazard of the material.
However, wooden houses always built, and many of them stood the century. Today, there are special fire-proof impregnations, which significantly reduce the risk of fire fires. Yes I. at all - The most important thing here is not the material, but the human factor is the neglect of the elementary requirements of fire safety in the overwhelming number of cases, it becomes the cause of fire.
- Building brick structures Hope much more expensive, but it can be called a full-fledged home with a great reason, which will be able to use not only in the summer, but, if necessary, in winter, if installing Nem. bake. Brick buildings are much less easily susceptible to fire and with high-quality masonry will serve quite a long time. The shortcomings can be called a more complex and long process. with S. trinity requiring special skills and high tse on Materials.
This category of buildings also include block houses from Keramzitobetone , aerated concrete, foam concrete, etc.
- Very often, with the construction of a country house, different materials are used. For example, the house is erected from wood, but on the foundation of concrete, brick or blocks.
This option can be called optimal, as the foundation from material-resistant materials will create optimal conditions for the construction of walls from wood, so —will be for home reliable The basis.
It is this one, the last option and it is worth considering, as it is the most popular of all kinds of country houses.
Stages of the construction of a country house
Building materials for the country house
If there is no desire to mess with calculations , it is better to purchase a premises ready-made model of a house Certain The area for which you only need to prepare a place.
In all other cases, building materials will be required. Their kind, size, Volume , The total number is all depending on the size of the planned building, which is determined by the project.
Prices for various types of timber
Material for foundation
For any of the types of foundation, the following materials will be needed:
- Sand, crushed stone, cement ;
- a third-rate board and a ram for formwork;
- brick or concrete blocks;
- waterproofing material (rubberoid);
- Ceramizite of the middle faction.
Material for walls and roofs
Since wood chosen for the construction of the walls, then, pushing out of this, other materials will be seamless:
- Bruks and boards of different sizes, depending on the design parameters;
— Fasteners Elements —nails, self-tapping screws, bolts, hairpins;
- corners of different configurations, metal plates - for bonding nodes;
- vaporizolation film ;
- insulation —mineral wool, Ekwata. or clay;
- to cover the roof it is better to choose easy material — Ondulin or professional flooring.
After the installation site of the future house is determined, the materials are purchased, you can go to the arrangement of the foundation. True, to start have to yet Decide with its type.
Foundation of the country house
Even with the construction of such a small and easy Buildings like a wooden country house, no foundation can not do. In the case under consideration, for this purpose, Ideally suitable one Of two species —This is a column and ribbon foundation. Which one to choose —Depends on the preferences of the builder.
- Stamp foundation will be less costly option, as it will allow Really Save on building materials. In addition, such a foundation NT VP Ole can be performed independently, without any assistance, which will also save some amount.
How to raise Foundation column version , you can learn with all the details by passing this link to the corresponding page of our portal.
- To create a ribbon foundation, not only more materials will be required, but also a long time. No wonder —around the perimeter of the future home will need to be pulled out the trench, Waterproof her , Install the reinforcement design, to build a formwork and pour the boiler concrete. And after that, you want or not, but it will be necessary yet And a monthly period to the complete pouring of the bold ribbon and the set of vintage strength.
However, tape base NT Sun. E is very popular among individual developers. This option is convenient because it allows at home to make a basement room, however, for this wall of the foundation have to Raise over the surface of the soil at 700 ÷ 800 mm. Device of tape fundament described in detail in the article that can be found on Shem portal, having passed on the proposed link.
If a column foundation is selected, then recommended from the site, which will be under the house and around it by 500 ÷ 600 mm, remove the top layer of the soil at 150 ÷ 200 mm. Then fall asleep into the resulting pit layer of sand at 30 ÷ 40 mm, which should be tamped. Above sand pillow stacked layer Middle-complete Rubble and also compacted, and the remaining space needs to be covered with a grainsite of the average fraction. All these procedures are done so that small rodents cannot get to the house. They do not tolerate the ceramzite (especially - small), as it contains a large amount of dust and has a loose surface.
To protect the house from the penetration of large rodents or other intact guests from the world of animals, the space under the house is desirable to close the metal mesh with cells of no more than 10 mm.
Construction of a frame design
Frame house can be supplied as On the column, and on the ribbon foundation. The construction always starts from the basis that should be reliable Waterproofing Two-Trem. layers of the underlined runneroid.
- If the project provides a veranda, you need to immediately separate her The zone on which the roof will be erected, but there will be no solid walls. To maintain the roof over the veranda, you can use the racks of the common wall frame. Other Option - veranda will be attached to the house separately.
- Everything without exception, wooden billets must be treated with antiseptic compositions and Antipireni . These impregnations will increase wood resistance to fire, to rot The appearance will be preventing nest Insects or colonies of representatives of microflora - mold or fungus.
- After The billets received proper training and were completely dried, along the construction of the lower frame (crown), which will be laid on the foundation and will be subsequently used for floor mounting.
To half the floor reliable For a frame, you need to take high-quality bars of the desired section. If the means allow, it is better to choose wooden elements not by the "bottom boundary" of the sizes, and Laying certain stock in their cross section.
The table shows the optimal dimensions of the bar for the frame house:
|Material and its purpose||Section size (in mm)|
|Bar bottom strapping||100 × 150.|
|Bar of the upper strapping||100 × 100.|
|Bar for frontal wall struts||100 × 50.|
|Bar for side racks||100 × 100.|
|Overlapping beams||100 × 80.|
- The support beams of the frame are mounted on the cornerboards located around the perimeter of the foundation, at a distance of 600 ÷ 700 mm from each other. They are fixed with the help of the corners or way Box. If the elements are large in the section, they additionally can be copped with metal brackets.
- When the lower strapping with supporting beams will be ready, wall frameworks are made. They can be assembled separately, and then in the finished form are raised and fixed on the bars of the cutting of the frame.
Another option is to raise the frame directly at the place. For example, if the house is erased independently, without helpers, then the finished carca with S. Tena will be very difficult alone raise To the height of the strapping, even install and temporarily, until the final consolidation, fix. And this means that have to Each of the bars exhibit separately.
- The size of the bars for the racks of the wall frame should be, least, 100 × 100 mm, but it can also be mounted from the boards having a cross section of at least 50 × 150 mm.
Bruks are fixed on the lower strapping using powerful corners that are able to hold them in a vertical position. It is best for bonding not nails, but a self-tapping screw - the difference in no no So significant, but quality and reliability The assembly is incomparably higher.
- Setting vertical racks, you need to immediately place the location Operactions For windows and doors. Best of all, the site where they must be installed, leave in the frame free, and install part of the wall with window Overlook separately.
Then, when the rest of the vertical racks will be installed and enshrined Upper strapping bar, plot with window Overlook Fastened to the place left for it.
- In the same way all four walls are collected. At the corners, the side racks are bonded between themselves with corners, or one common angular rack is mounted instead of two separate. Her Recommended to be proposed by diagonal pins from two sides, —They will give rigidity Whole wall design.
- Door opening It is equipped in the frame at once. It is strengthened by an extra rack, since the door suspended on the loop has certain weight that should calmly support Fortified Overlook And the whole frame wall.
- If you plan to observe the frame with the outer side by the lining, then the next step is carried out this event. Cleaning will give the design additional rigidity which will continue the installation of the attic overlap and the rafting roof system.
Installation of the floor can be carried out immediately after the outside of the walls of the walls, but only if the roof is covered on the same day the roof. It is extremely undesirable to make fresh floor covering, if suddenly at night unexpectedly Will go rain. Therefore, better Still To begin with, resolve the issue with the roof, and then calmly engage in all other construction activities within the house.
Roof construction and roof laying
Types of rafter systems
A few words should be said about the types of rafting systems, since, by going to the construction of the roof, you need to have a general idea of this, to know which design it is better to choose.
Slinge systems are two species —Hanging I. Current .
The hanging rafter system is characterized by the fact that it is arranged only on the external bearing walls and does not have other supports. She is excellent suitable For erection over a small country structure. In order to ease The load on the wooden walls and the foundation, hanging rafters fasten with a tightening.
The hanging design itself consists of a cross-bar, which also performs overlapping function, and can simultaneously be a frame for a ceiling cover, and also Of the rafting legs forming the roofs of the roof.
Cover The system is mounted if there is domestic capital partitions in the house, in addition to external walls, which will become additional support points. Such a scheme can also be used in the construction of the roof of the country house, if it has a large area and its rooms are separated by walls built on the foundation.
With the device of this system, the load on the bearing side walls becomes weaker, so it will be possible to use less retaining elements. It is great for indulgence structures that will be used as residential premises.
The beams are stacked smoothly over the vertical stands of the wall frame. In order for them to eat tightly on the upper strapping belt, the grooves are peeling on their edges. The size of the grooves can be calculated by relying on the formula indicated in the figure.
Beams are fixed on the frame design of walls with nails or self-tapping screws, and they are sometimes fixed with metal corners on both sides.
After completing the installation of overlapping beams, you can move to the lining of the rafting roof system. In order to safety on the ceiling beams, a temporary boardwalk is laid in order to ensure the comfort of moving on the plane of the attic during the installation of rafters.
Installation of the rafter system
The rapid roof system can be mounted using different consistency sequence her Elements:
- First option. It is necessary to bore extreme pairs of rafter feet on the ground, then raise on the strapping and install them in the finished form on the frontal walls of the house. And then connect their skate beam, and already on HERE Mount the remaining pairs of rafters.
- Second option. To begin with, install the middle racks along the frontons, then bore them with a skate bar or a board, on which rafters are then attached.
- Third option. In this case, the pairs of rafter feet in the upper part are fastened with a skunk lining together, and the lower part of them is fixed on the strapping of the wall, which in this variant will perform the role of Mauerlat.
Section used for rafter feet bars or Brenen must be strictly maintained - depending on the The length of the rafter between two points of support , и depending on the Step between adjacent couples Stropil
|The maximum allowable length of the rafter foot (in mm)||Stroke step (in mm)|
|The cross section of the rafter foot (in mm)|
|Bruces cross section||Log Ø.||Bruces cross section||Log Ø.||Bruces cross section||Log Ø.||Bruces cross section||Log Ø.|
|up to 3000.||80 × 100.||100||80 × 100.||130.||90 × 100.||150.||90 × 160.||160.|
|up to 3600.||80 × 130.||130.||80 × 160.||160.||80 × 180.||180.||90 × 180.||180.|
|up to 4300.||80 × 160.||160.||80 × 180.||180.||90 × 180.||180.||100 × 200.||200.|
|up to 5000.||80 × 180.||180.||80 × 200.||200.||100 × 200.||200.||-||-|
|up to 5800.||80 × 200.||200.||100 × 200.||200.||-||-||-||-|
|up to 6500.||100 × 200.||200.||120 × 220.||240.||-||-||-||-|
It should be noted that the attachment node of the rafter in its lower part will depend on how they are fastened to the skate, and what length is.
If the rafter has a rather large length and acts beyond the limits of the bearing walls, then Nem. A cut is cut out, which it will be installed on the strapping bar (Mauerlat). An example of such a wrist is shown in the picture:
If the rafter ends on the edge of the carrier wall, its lower edge is cut at right angles with respect to Mauerlat, and the foot itself can be fixed on Nem. With the help of special Fastening Plates, sliding support, corner, brackets, nails or long screws.
If the house is very small, then after fixing the rafted on the strapping, binding to their skate timber or board, additional retaining elements most likely not have to .
Detailed information about the exact Calculation rafter system You can get from the special publication of our portal, having passed on the recommended link:
To install additional, reinforcing elements of the rafter system, the material can be chosen in accordance with the recommendations specified in the table:
|Elements of the rafting system||Bruse size or board in the section (in mm)|
|Bar Mauerlat.||100 × 100; 100 × 150; 150 × 150.|
|Scrollish||100 × 200.|
|Runs||100 × 100; 100 × 150; 100 × 200.|
|Tightening||50 × 150.|
|Supporting Rigels Stands||100 × 150; 100 × 200.|
|Stands||100 × 100; 150 × 150.|
|Fakes, boards for assembling cornis||50 × 150.|
|Windshield and hearing boards||22 ÷ 25 × 100 ÷ 150|
Prices for various types of fasteners for rafters
Fasteners for timing
After the rafters and additional elements form the roofs of the roof, you can move to the installation of the subsystem for the roof flooring.
- The first thing you need to do from the outside of the roof, after installing the rafter —This is the Welcome Film Parosolation, fastening her first brackets and then planks Controls on rafters.
Film It feels perpendicular to rafalines Starting from bottom, cornice part of the roof. Thread Between two adjacent bands should be at least 200 mm.
Next, from above Films Thin wooden rails are stuffed on the racks, which will fix vaporizolation and create the necessary ventilation gap.
- Perpendicular Control Tank Mounted basic Okeekhet The roofing material will be attached to the installation of the guides depend on the type and size of the roofing sheets.
If the soft roof is chosen to cover the roof, then instead of the rail Prints Skates are covered by skylight —plywood and then waterproofing rubberoid sheets, which is stacked Vanosest 150 ÷ 200 mm and glued together with bitumen mastic. Another option is to use a soft bitumen decorative tile, the laying of which is produced by similar technology.
Passing on this specified link, you can learn from a special publication to learn more about the stages of work on Installation of soft roof :
- For wooden houses, the following roofing materials are most often used (depending on the roof slope steepness).
|Roofing material||Blope roof||Mass (kg / sq.m)|
|Wavy asbestos cement sheets (Slate 8-wave)||From 1:10 to 1: 2||11 ÷ 14.|
|Wavy pulp-bitumen sheets (Ondulin)||from 1:10 and more||6 ÷ 7.|
|Soft roofing (flexible tile)||from 1:10 and more||9 ÷ 15.|
|Galvanized tin sheets (metal)||from 1: 4 or more||3 ÷ 6.5|
|Metal tile.||from 1: 5 or more||5 ÷ 7.|
- On the prepared foundation, the selected roofing material is fixed and enshrines. The work begins on the eaves, and if the first row is placed on the right left, then all other rows are mounted on the same scheme.
Some types of roofing materials have strictly stipulated Mounting scheme in the direction, which cannot be changed. This is necessarily indicated in the instructions attached to them.
Also For any of the types of sheet roofing materials, the magnitude of the adhesion is defined in the direction of the skate (usually 150 ÷ 200 mm), and the number of waves (relief protrusions) in the horizontal direction, along the roof.
- Fixed on Print Almost all roofing materials with special nails or screws with waterproofing gaskets.
- It is very important to choose correctly and fasten the skate elements of the roof, otherwise she yes st pr. Whole at the first rain. Typically, the ski element is selected from the same material as the coating of roofing rods.
- Next, finishing the roof of the roof —This can be done with wooden or plastic lining. Sometimes for these purposes, special plastic elements are used - sofa.
- Then the elements of the roof drainage system are installed on the wind board - gutter on brackets, pipes and T.P. .
- Further, the frontal sides of the rafter system are trimmed. Most often, wooden or plastic lining is used for this or smooth outcast boards.
For the lining around the perimeter of the front-distance triangle, a special profile is fixed, into which prepared and cut under the desired corner of the panel will be installed. Installation is usually done symmetrically —from the middle rack in one and then the other side —Then the plating will be smooth and neat.
By the way, mount the lining, Moreover, can be horizontally Christmas tree Or come up with a more complex pattern.
Detailed information about technology Roof construction You can learn from the article, Placed on Shem site by passing by link .
Now, finish in B. Easy finish of the roof and being confident that the rain is no longer will fall inward Country house, you can go to the installation of windows and doors, insulation, flooring and wall cover.
Installing windows and doors
- Window frames are mounted in left for them Emmers Frame, set down. For pre-fixing when setting a frame between her and bars Opera Installed spacers from wooden bars or rails.
Then, after controlling the correctness of the installation, the frames are attached to the framework of the walls with metal stripes. The remaining gaps between the frame and skeleton bars are filled with mounting foam. After her Drying, surplus is cut, and the windquarters will be installed around the windows from the outside of the walls, which will close the unsightly type of gaps and give accuracy with the total date of the house.
- Door installation is best done with the door frame if it has sufficient rigidity . So It will be much easier to align the whole design by level in the door Emmery walls.
Exposing the door frame, if necessary to achieve clear vertical her Provisions, put the clins (inserts) from wooden plates. The door frame is fixed to the frame as well as the window frames, with the help of metal stripes, and the gap Filled mounting foam.
Install in B. CE windows and doors, you can move to the floor mounting.
Installation and insulation of the floor
To start from the lower frame, temporary flooring is removed from the boards (if it was), and then you need to carry out the installation of the draft floor.
- To do this, the skeleton beams are nailed or bolted cranial bars. They are necessary for laying on them transverse black floorboards.
- Further, the skulls are stacked by boards, dried exactly in size, or a plywood with a thickness of 8 ÷ 10 mm - this flooring and will perform the functions of the draft floor.
- From above laid black floor closes hydro — Paro —Isolation Film which should close the beams and the entire plane of the floor. Individual material webs fit Vanosest (150 ÷ 200 mm) and are sampled at the joints of waterproof tape.
- Next, by Film Vaporizolation is laid or covered with insulating material. If there is no desire to have as neighbors rodents who love to settle under the floor are better For insulation Floor use grazit medium or small fraction, or Eco —In such materials, these tooth pests simply do not live.
- On top of the insulation filament yet One layer film The membranes that are nailed on the beams of brackets. Principle of laying - exactly the same As on the draft floor.
- Then the whole design closes with thick plywood or wooden floorboards.
Prices for thermal insulation materials
Heat insulation materials
Events for additional thermal insulation
When the floor is fully prepared, the walls of the house from the inside are insulated and the walls are squeezed. If the structure is used only in Warm season, then insulation everything Equally it does not hurt —It will work like an insulator of premises from heating into a strong heat. therefore It is recommended to put the thermal insulating layer not only in the walls, but also in the ceiling overlap, and if it is missing - to place the insulation along the inner rope of the roof.
- First, vapor insulation material is fixed on all walls and ceiling beams. The ceiling is then trimmed with clapboard, plywood or plasterboard.
- After the ceiling is trimmed, walls are insulated. The insulation mats are laid between the frame racks. Need to do so to The mats stood as close as possible with the focus on the bar of the wall frame, so to There were no cracks.
That is why mineral wool is most often used as a insulation - it will break up after tight laying between the racks, completely fill in B. cross space. Material is usually selected so that thickness Matov I. thickness The frame racks were the same.
- After that, all the walls are again delayed vaporizolation Film .
- The next stage Gone Wood cover with wooden clapboard, plywood or plasterboard. The latter, with the subsequent decorative decoration of the walls, can be painted with water-emulsion paint or assessed by wallpaper.
- Next, insulating the attic overlap, there is insulation —stacked between the beam overlap.
If the ceiling is trimmed from the side of the house with plasterboard or clapboard, then you must not forget that it is impossible to step on it, since the sheath will not stand human weight. It is necessary to move neatly on the beams of overlapping.
- In the event that the attic is planned to be used to store various garden accessories, then on top of the insulation on the ceiling beams, it is necessary to fasten the flooring from boards or plywood having a thickness of at least 10 mm.
- The final strokes of the interior decoration will be the installation of platbands on the windows and doors, ceiling and floor plinths and the closure of the corners with accessory rails.
An extension to the house
The last stages of the arrangement of the country house are assembly work on the veranda and on the porch.
If the veranda is left in advance on the frame on the foundation, then the board is laid on this space, for the floor covering (the material for open areas is used), the fencing is installed and the canopy is mounted.
If the foundation is raised high enough Earth then to the veranda yet And the porch is attached.
Build a country house with your own hands —Completely fulfilling the task, but without helpers, it will be enough difficult to do. therefore It is best to apply for help to a knowledgeable master who has experience in such work, will always give a useful advice and will show how they are correctly mounted for those nodes in the design of the house. You can "mobilize" relatives and acquaintances - it is possible that a knowledgeable person will also be among them.
Video: Construction of a dacha carcase house technology
Communication with the natural environment, the presence of a country or country house has become an absolute necessity of any modern town dweller. People today get tired of the bustle, noise, offices, huge shops, in a word, from urbanization. They dream of getting out at least for the weekend closer to nature, admire the colorful blooming vegetation, listen to the singers of birds. The best warrant for this is your own cottage. If the budget for the implementation of your dream is modest - it does not matter today to build a country house with your own hands not a problem. Arrangement near housing Terraces, various flower beds, alpine slides, veranda and other cottage attributes bring you closer to you with the surrounding landscape, returning to nature, natural and organic medium for a person.
The country house and plot must be harmoniously combined with each other.
Order and stages of the construction of a country house
- Construction of a country house with their own hands , even if quite and small, at first glance it may seem like a very simple, not requiring close attention and long-term training. But if you want to create a small, but durable and cozy family-friendly nnoveshko, it is worth taking seriously.
Before all purchases and construction work, you need to decide on the family council, what is the purpose of your house: do you want to garden, or simply equip the zone for relaxing and come to the weekend, will you be at the cottage in the cold season, and will you become You take guests.
Dachka House project 10 × 8
Cute one-story cottage house with a narent floor
Country houses Projects and photos of which are presented in the article, will differ from the suburban structure only by the fact that they first provide for a single connection with a garden, a kindergarten or a flower bed, even if the latter is completely small.
Any house can be made stylish and comfortable if you put in it the whole soul
Basics of construction
- First of all, it is worth thinking well to all the layout of the available space, very often in the account of the summer houses every block of land, so it should be used correctly and efficiently.
- It is very important that the minimum permissible distances to your neighbors are complied with the portion and up to the roadway. To the neighboring area - three meters, and the street is five meters.
- Places where there are recesses are not suitable for the construction of a house, as water will be accumulated there after the rains. The perfect option is the highest of available places on the northern or northwestern side of the site allocated to you.
- Next, it is worthwhile to decide what you are going to build a house. Possible options are listed below, but you need to take into account the condition of the soil, weather conditions, budget, transportation costs and the availability of working hands.
On a note! After the construction site is defined, the desired design of the country house is selected, which is being developed, or a ready-made beautiful project is being selected.
Beautiful country house in Scandinavian style
We choose the project of the country house turnkey (photo)
The first thing you need to think about the discussion of the issues listed above is a project. Very often, future gardeners who want to quickly build a country house on their plot, go to private construction companies in which managers often offer them expensive projects of the Lux class. However, in order to build a small garden lodge with their own hands, it is possible to limit the much smaller.
Inexpensive and quite decent garden (or country) house can be built according to a typical standard project. Individuality and uniqueness can be given with the help of outdoor decoration and plants surrounding it.
Beautiful cottage with incredibly presentable appearance
White wooden platbands add home special flavor and style
Choosing a suitable place for a country house - an important moment of its construction
Nowadays, the finished project of the country house turnkey is easy to find on the Internet. But dealing with such proposals, some very significant aspects should also be taken into account, for example:
- Full estimated cost of the house box;
- duration and quality of construction;
- laboriousness of the production of earthworks;
- Complex for the construction of foundation.
On a note! Even in small garden houses, there must be utilized premises for the storage of garden inventory, accept such things also into account.
Natural tree does not need a special representation, at home from this material - the standard of ecology
Facade finishing imitation of a bar transforms the appearance of the house
Foundation options for country house
Concrete base (foundation) - acts as a kind of support for any home. It must withstand the loads that are created by the house, both during construction and after putting it into operation.
Important! A good foundation must be durable, resistant to frozen, waterproof, as the design affects groundwater and active elements.
Well-groomed and neat garden lodge
The foundation of the garden house is designed to ensure the complete stability of the construction under construction, as well as the reliability of its future operation. The most correct in a particular case (country house) will be listed below the types of foundations.
- Tape type of foundation - This is a construction of a monolithic concrete strip, which is formed along the entire perimeter of the future at home. This design is very often used in the construction of two-storey houses, it is stable and wear-resistant, it is also suitable for brick houses. It should be taken into account that such a foundation will cost weekly, and it is not so fast to do it.
- Foundation columnal - more economical, it consists of pillars that are placed and installed on all corners of the future building, at the joints of all walls, as well as inside, on the site of planned partitions. It is good for small one-story houses that will weigh a little, for example, frame or panel cottages.
- The foundation of the pile type - consists of piles groups that are immersed directly to the ground and combined together with reinforced concrete. If your dacha is in place, prone to fever, you will have to do such a foundation. By the way, it is piles that are used by building the foundations of small cottages, brick buildings, large houses of frame-type and classic wooden log cabins.
- Foundation from the monolithic plate - It is a monolithic slab that is made from reinforced concrete, it also serves as a floor in the house, the insulation, boards, plated, are placed on it. Such a foundation should be chosen if your site is in a steady soil, it can be the basis for both a single-storey house and for a two-storey.
Cozy house with interesting and unusual design of walls
The tandem of white walls and a black roof looks stylish and concisely in any performance.
The budget country house is the case of the future
Modern traditional houses for giving are so diverse, sometimes interesting in their design, that a decent choice of the ideal option for your family is not easy to do. Nevertheless, try to discard emotions, and soberly weigh everything for "for" and "against".
House with a garage under one roof with a modern layout
The most affordable, simple, fastest construction methods of a small house - assembling the structure of the ready-made shield kit. This group includes houses from structural isolated externally panels.
You can also find different modules options, as well as small country houses made from container blocks. Their explicit advantage is the ease of installation work, because it is necessary to actually only correctly prepare the basis (foundation) and then install the finished structure on it.
Miniature Garden House Block Container
Of the obvious disadvantages of this method of construction, it is possible to explicitly allocate both high prices for modules and a small amount of possible variations. However, the acquisition of the so-called construction designer makes it possible to independently build a country house even beginners without prior experience in this area.
In addition, in such a house, as a rule, manufacturers are already arranged all the necessary communication. Due to this, there is an opportunity to transfer traditional mistakes, they are quite often allowed in inexperience.
Container type house will serve you for quite a long time if it is good to care for him
Planning rooms inside a modular house
County Chalashi Houses
Explicit deficiencies in a small house in the form of a slag, which is allegedly similar to the present "chalet". It fits perfectly into the natural environment, looks very elegantly and organically.
The house-slab usually retains all its advantages when it makes no more than 6 × 9 meters, after that it automatically becomes somewhat complex in execution. In addition, a lot of building materials will be required to build a large slag.
Big black roof emphasizes the special spirit of the country house-shala
In a small chaolash house, one sleeping place will have to set up in the attic. There will need to climb along the usual vertical ladder, but this is quite a young generation.
In the US states and in the forest part of Canada, such single houses are common. Not only hunters, fishermen and butubs, but also seasonal tenants who wish to live in a warm season in the natural environment are found in them.
In the current house you will always feel alone with nature
For a small family of two or three people, the house-shala 3 × 3 meters may well become a cottage for seasonal stay. It will be possible to come to the house in the spring, summer, late autumn, as heating costs will be a bit, and it heats up much faster.
On a note! If you are going to come to the cottage year-round, and you do not want to spend money on the construction of big money, then such a house-slash will be the best choice.
If the cottage house is not operated in winter, work on his insulation is completely optional
In the traditional sense, the bungalow is a one-room summer house without heating. As a rule, it is equipped with a large outdoor terrace, which is constructively connected with the house.
For the traditional cottage to which the family living in a relatively warm climate plans to come only on weekends, such a house on the bungalow type is optimal, because it is spacious, it is perfectly ventilated, too much he does not heat the sun.
Beautiful country house carcass with spacious terrace
Materials for the construction of such a house goes a bit, it is made of wood. The bungalow's house is very durable, it can be built on a not very deep foundation, on the soils that are not too stable, including on the ground, prone to fearing. Moreover, in raw local areas of houses that are built in the form of bungalows are very durable, Due to the fact that all the top ends at the boards are usually crooked traditional for such a construction of the roofs.
Frame country house
Frame houses are becoming more and more popular, although the tree is a traditional building material for our region. The environmental purity of such a structure is obvious, while the house, if it is correctly built, keeps the heat perfectly.
The country-type country house is designed in the traditional style of wooden house-building, approximately the way our ancestors did. It is desirable that he was one-story, as a last resort, had an attic. In such a house, living will be cozy and comfortable all year round, and its construction does not frighten up and costs.
Build such a country house with your own hands in just one month
Salad walls look beautiful and fresh, especially if they are wooden
What a country house is better: one-story or two-story
A single-storey garden house is a certain philosophy, a world view. Such a dwelling is much more comfortable, because he has no staircase leading to the second floor. Of course, for young people rapidly run up - no problem, however, in mature years this option will definitely be less convenient.
Safety one-story house and for children. Much daches who have chosen housing in two floors leave feedback that in a few years there to run around the stairs strongly bored, and the statistics of injury to people on the steps of stairs speaks for itself.
Cute design of a garden house in the style of minimalism
Perhaps you made a decision to build a housekeeping house on your dacha, and you are going to do it yourself. This is a great idea if you have little experience in construction.
The same applies to the country house of brick. Masonry is a difficult process, and it requires experience. But the explicit advantage of such a dacha is to serve its owners for many years and will go intoherit the children.
Too bulky house will look ridiculous in a small area, so the cottage usually build a small size
An open terrace attached to the house will significantly increase its useful area.
Most residents of megacities are dreaming of a small beautiful house, I served with plenty roses in a picturesque area, where you can always hide from the exhausting heat and relax from the bustle. I realize your dream into reality, because the country house with your own hands is quite real!
How to build a country house with your own hands?
The country house is a concept that depleting the structure falling under the list of determining criteria. This can be called a small building for economic needs and a full-fledged house equipped with all the necessary communications, built on the land of gardening and economic purposes.
The construction of the country house is characterized by a number of features that affect as a sector of cadastral documentation and the choice of building material and technology. When knowledge of the basics of construction and the availability of technical capabilities, you can independently build a house for giving.
What is better to build?
List of materials that can be used in the construction of a country house, there are many items. What will build a house depends on the following:
- operational purpose;
- project budget;
- geological and geographical features of the region;
- Building technology.
The purpose of the country structure may be as follows:
- economic needs;
- Seasonal rest;
- Long stay.
Household house can be used for short accommodation (1-2 days, for example, during the harvest), storage of the country inventory and equipment, storage of canned products or short-term recreation. In a seasonal summer cottage, a certain period of time covering an interval in 1-3 months can be accommodated. Such a house come to relax in the summer, in winter (on holidays) and in other periods. Such a structure is equipped with some household communications: water supply, own sewage, gas equipment, operating from balloon gas, electricity and devices working from it. Not all seasonal buildings are equipped with the specified list of communications in the complex.
Country houses in which you can live for a long time, must have an essence of essential communications: light, water, heating. In some cases, country villages in which houses are located have their own centralized sewers. The nature of this structure allows it to use it year-round independently of weather conditions.
In the house of this type, it is even possible to register according to the Law on "Country Amnesty".
The project budget largely determines the nature of the future country structure. Depending on the material possibilities of the owner, budgetary building materials or the Euroclass materials can be used. Masives the location of the land plot: His remoteness from the local infrastructure, distance distance to the nearest base of building materials, the degree of accessibility for the construction brigade.
Geology of the terrain affects what the country house will be. The presence on the terrain of complicating relief features: wetlands, solid or rocky soil, landslides, vegetation, etc. can increase the cost of work at times at all stages. The geography of the region also determines the technical characteristics of the house. Northern regions are characterized by low temperatures even in the summer, which causes the need to ensure additional thermal insulation.
The technology of building a country house affects the cost of materials used and, accordingly, determines the total cost of all work at different stages of construction.
In accordance with the technology, a project is drawn up, which is based on a central idea that shape the final type of construction.
Modern building simple technologies involve the use of the following primary materials:
- gas silicate or concrete blocks;
- Metal profile, etc.
There are technologies that allow eloquent housekelate houses, which is acceptable for most country houses. Among the houses built on simplified technologies, framework-clay, samannye and even from the pallets (budget material) can be noted. Since country houses in most cases are the buildings of secondary importance, when they are constructed it is advisable to use sweater materials. In their quality, it is possible to apply materials that have already been used in the construction of other buildings. For example, after parsing the old house there is a large number of construction used material.
Before the start of construction work, it is necessary to develop a draft future house. It is necessary to simplify and facilitate the process. The presence of a project allows you to save time and means, since a pre-thought-out design does not require the production of unnecessary and unnecessary actions. There are many options for how you can build a country house with your own hands. Among the list of options, it is possible to highlight the mains that are used in most cases.
Design variations of country houses are divided into several criteria, in general, the construction technology components. Their list:
- Type of foundation and method of fill;
- wall design;
- The shape and construction of the roof.
A common technology for the construction of country houses is panel-skeletal technology.
In this case, a tree treated with the production method is used as the main material that makes the carrying design of walls and floors. From the bar, rails, boards and additional connecting materials are going to the carrier frame, which is initially attached to the foundation. Such a frame is necessarily debited to provide for the location of the project elements: windows, doorways, technical openings. In places of reluctance, additional reinforcing compounds are equipped, which also leads to material consumption.
The frame is facing on both sides: outdoor and internal. The inner part of the frame is filled with insulation. In his capacity can be mineral wool, foam, penplex or other construction insulation.
The outer part of the frame is covered with waterproofing material, wind and vapor protection (specialized textiles having a membrane structure, which does not allow pairs to penetrate inside, but misses evaporation outward, which prevents moisture from entering the insulation and reduces the risk of reproduction of the mold fungus). As a facing finish material, metal products are used, siding, wooden lining, etc.
The inner surface of the frame is covered with materials approximate to the finishing interior. For example, plasterboard, OSB, chipboard, fiberboard and others. These materials are covered by the appropriate finish finish. To do this, put putty, paint or wallpaper can be used. The most common material for the execution of finishing is an oriented chipboard (sheets of compressed large chips impregnated with moisture protection solution).
The use of wallpaper for inner wall cladding inside the country house is not recommended, since it has frequent temperature differences. A significant change in temperature is explained by the fact that in such a house a person does not live constantly. Regularly absent, it cannot consistently support thermal phase at the proper level. The panel-frame structure needs a solid sustainable foundation, since it does not have seismic resistance. At the same time, the rules for the arrangement of a suitable foundation must be complied. These rules determine the depth, structure and variety of the foundation base.
Another common direction in the construction of the country house is the technology of modular construction. Under its parameters also fall at home performed from various prefabricated elements: bricks, blocks of concrete or samanny, gas blocks, and even natural stones.
The design, built on one of the ethnicities of this technology, needs a solid foundation. It should be resistant to the vertical and transverse deformation vector. This is explained by the increased mass of materials, of which the carrier construction of the house is manufactured. Large weight with doubled power presses the foundation, which must be taken into account when calculating its characteristics.
Separate attention deserves the design of the roof of the country house. Since the summer cottage is often limited in area, free space within its perimeter is a valuable resource. Designing and removing the roof, it is necessary to consider this fact. In most cases, the roof of the country house is used as an additional residential area. To do this, it is equipped with an attic.
Such a constructive solution requires the development of an additional design scheme providing for drawings of rafters, the location of the supports and additional structures that ensure the functionality of the attic floor.
Since the country house is not a home appointment, for its roof is rarely used expensive material. Among the relatively cheap items of roofing materials, you can mark slate, ondulin (soft roof) . Their cost may be varied depending on the region and is associated with those or other costs. For some subjects, they are a second-grade material - budget, for other more expensive. Sometimes the price value is due to the proximity of the location of production facilities.
More expensive roofing materials - metal photographs, metal tile. They are an order of magnitude stronger than other materials and have a wide selection of color variations and profile items. With close location of metal products, it is beneficial to use them for the roof. Design features of the country structure may include individual household conditions aimed at ensuring comfortable operation. The list includes water supply, electricity, gas pipeline, sewage. Depending on the external conditions, each of these communications can be designed and mounted taking into account the nature of the area.
In the country settlement there may be no centralized water supply. In this case, the problem of the lack of a constant source of water is solved by drilling a well. In some cases, it is possible to carry out drilling with your own hands. Most often it is necessary to resort to the help of specialized services engaged in the search for underground water sources for domestic use. The arrangement of the well and temporary water supply should be completed before the construction of the house, as the constant feeding of a large amount of water is an integral part of any construction site.
Before the construction, it is necessary to take care of the uninterrupted supply of electricity to the construction site. In the absence of power line or the impossibility of connecting to it, it is possible to use a diesel generator that is able to generate a sufficient rated power voltage.
To save electricity into a water well, a pump can be installed with a manual pressure of pressure tool, which will reduce energy consumption, but will increase labor costs and reduce the speed of work.
The foundation is a key element of any structure. By law, the construction that does not have a foundation cannot be officially registered. When erecting a house, it is worth determining its final purpose, which will affect the choice of the technology of installation of the foundation support.
The geographical location of the construction object and the geological characteristics of the area also determine the type of foundation, which would be advisable to use. With its choice, not only economic benefits are taken into account, but also its influence on the durability of the operation and safety of the use of the structure for domestic purposes.
Wrong selection of the foundation can lead to its premature destruction. Factors affecting the state of the foundation support:
- the presence of groundwater in the soil (or the humidity level of the soil);
- the composition of the soil;
- seismic activity on the ground;
- The presence of external emergency factors (flooding, frequent snowfall, landslides, sat down).
If local soil is saturated with groundwater, it may adversely affect some types of foundation. The primary factor of negative impact is the flushing of composite elements of the basement concrete. The secondary factor of this influence is the thermopotability of water. When decreasing temperatures, it and the soil in which are compressed. And at minus temperatures, expansion and soil and water occurs, which can lead to the extrusion of the foundation and the emergence of its destructive damage.
This fact requires increased attention when designing the house.
The composition of the soil directly affects the choice of the formation of the foundation. Soft and sandy land requires an enlarged area of support for the home. The stony and rocky structure of the soil involves the presence of natural durable supports, which reduces the need to ensure a wide and cast foundation.
The peculiarities of seismic activity on the area involve the provision of an additional stock of the foundation. A reinforcing material can be an armature framework. The higher the likelihood of underground jokes, the stronger should be this framework. To give the overall stability of the entire design, angular and horizontal reinforcing belts are flooded. The number of reinforcement in them and the foundation plane should not exceed 10%, since its larger volume will reduce the volume of the concrete mixture, which wishes the characteristics of the strength.
Regional features that determine seasonal floods also affect the choice of the foundation design. The higher the probability of flooding, the higher the foundation level should be. To eliminate the seeping of water under the foundation, special corrugated perforated drainage pipes are used, riveted in the ground around the perimeter of the house. The depth of their immersion should be at least half the height of the part of the foundation that is immersed in the soil.
Types of foundations:
The ribbon foundation is a bulk concrete "ribbon", one part of which is immersed in the ground, and the other is above it. The height of "ribbons" is determined by the characteristics of the construction zone described above. Its width depends on the overall nature of the design of the house, the material from which it will be constructed and the presence of a base or basement room. In some cases, an underground or mortgage-above-ground part of such a foundation is performed from special foundation blocks, which facilitates its arrangement, but increases the cost. The length of the belt foundation repeats the perimeter of the structure provided for by project drawings.
The pile foundation involves drilling vertical wells located on the lines of the perimeter of the walls of the house. The exact location should be calculated by an experimental engineer capable of calculating the highest load areas.
Without experience, make a drawing of such a foundation and make drilling extremely difficult. And errors at this stage can lead to negative consequences that will affect the future of the house.
The construction of the walls of the country house is a process that requires the same approach that is required when the walls of the home appointment are erected. As part of this part of construction, attention is paid to the following areas:
- level (vertical, horizontal, frontal);
- strength (refers to the material and to the methods of its connection between themselves);
- Compliance with the rules for the implementation of the relevant construction technology.
The level, or the degree of smoothness of the walls is of paramount importance. The correct location of the walls in the space of three planes will ensure the reliability of the design, preserves its premature destruction, will create conditions for safe operation and will have a positive effect on the appearance of the structure.
It is possible to achieve the desired level of walls when using high-quality measuring instruments. Among their list can be noted:
- bubble levels of 0, 5 to 2 m long;
- laser level;
- roulette, square, plumb;
- Other concomitant tools.
To ensure the strength of the walls it is worth using high-quality materials. If this is a tree, then it should not be cracks, chips, bitch, rotation areas and other weaknesses. If it is a brick or type variation, it should not be fragile, crumbly, broken, cracked or have any other damage.
Special attention is paid to the connecting material. In the case of masonry, this is a cement-sand solution, special foam, glue. This material should not be overdue, damaged as a result of the violation of storage conditions. With panel-frame construction, screws, nails, metal connecting devices will perform as connecting materials.
All of them must have proper quality. An attempt to save on the purchase of high-quality building material for walls can lead to a decrease in the strength of the structure and its failure.
The roof of the house is an item of particular importance. For its construction it is better to use the services of specialists. With the independent installation it is worth paying attention to the following points:
- design quality;
- Method and quality of its fastening to the walls of the house;
- The type and technology of fastening the roof.
The high quality of the roof design is achieved by pre-drawing up drawings and calculations. Material savings are not allowed, for example, in increasing the distance between carrier supports. This can lead to its collapse or deformation in the winter season, when snow will be lying on the roof surface.
Special attention is paid to ways to fasten the roof to the walls of the house. If they are made using panel-frame construction technology, then the roof can be made part of the frame - its continuation. If there was a stone masonry, it is advisable to pour the upper reinforcing belt, which inserts fasteners for the roof frame. Stacking roofing, according to step-by-step instructions, precedes the provision of waterproofing and vapor barrier. If the floors are wooden, the effect of insulating material on wood is taken into account and the complete overlap of the air movement is excluded in the opening of the rafter, which could lead to the appearance of mold and the development of the processes of decoration of the structure.
It is important to maintain the integrity of the insulation is the key installation factor. The presence of even a minor breakdown can spoil the whole roof.
Installing windows and doors
Doors and windows are elements that are mounted after the construction of the main structure and before performing the finish finish. The nature of the construction determines the technical parameters of these items and installation methods:
- size and shape;
- Type of tools and fastening materials.
When mounting windows it is worth abide by caution, so as not to damage the seco, the surface (possibly decorative) and not stain them, as it can spoil their final appearance.
About how to build a country house with your own hands, see the next video.
Acquisition of your own country site is a significant event in a person's life. For a comfortable stay and full use of space, a home is needed. Well, if it is already there and is in good condition, otherwise you will have to build up the construction. For complex, cumbersome projects will have to hire a team of specialists. But a simple, cozy, comfortable structure can be made independently. How to build a country house with your own hands will tell in step by step instructions.
The principle of choosing a place under the cottage
Where to put
Plot for giving choose, based on how much it is available in the distance from the house, cost. An important factor can be the presence of a developed infrastructure, accessibility to road exit, the presence of electricity, gas, water supply system, etc.
It's not enough to choose a convenient place in the view of the homeowner. There are certain rules regarding where which structures can be set.
According to the current provisions of SNIPOV, the country dwelling should be located 5 meters from the street, but not closer than 3 meters from the roadway. If other buildings already have or planned, you need to withstand between them 3 m.
Examples of successful projects
Comfort does not always require a large space, with the correct layout, even a small house can be a great place for temporary residence.
The most popular solution are giving with a attic and a veranda. Additional space allows you to effectively store things or organize full rooms.
Cottage with terrace
On the open terrace or veranda in the warm season, the surrounds are often arranged in the fresh air.
If you raise the roof higher, you can create a attic - an additional floor that repeats the roof shape. Here will be a good solution design bedrooms.
An excellent option is the buildings in High-tech style, which uses exact faces, flat roofs.
The first prefabricated houses did not have a great success due to a limited range of appearance, but now there is no longer such a problem. Among the entire variety of forms and stylistic features, there are several options for what exactly to collect a country structure.
The prefabricated configuration assumes the presence of all functions inherent in the usual dacha: ventilation is formed, power lines are laid, water supply, drainage.
Also, the presence of harvested elements prevents a number of errors that often admit newcomers without experience during the construction of the house.
Wood is an environmentally friendly, low-handed material, which is perfectly kept warm in winter and cool in summer inside the dwelling, keeps the natural indicators of air humidity.
Cottage from Bruus
The bars are produced glued and profiled. Both variants suggest a small mass, which means they will not create a larger load on the soil. Such structures can be put on almost any type of soil using a point foundation.
The most durable, reliable are considered houses folded from blocks. This includes natural stones, bricks, blocks of foam concrete, aerated concrete, artificial material.
It turns out a pretty heavy building, so it will be necessary to lay a very durable foundation capable of withstanding a large load for a long period of time.
It should be prepared for the fact that such a construction will take quite a long time, and laying stones, almost certainly, will require an appeal to a specialist for advice or hiring as an assistant. If bricks or finished blocks can be laid independently without any special difficulties, then it is much more difficult to work with stones.
After a complete completion of the construction, it will be necessary to wait for some time until a complete burden of the used mortar solution.
A more fiscal option will be the choice of a frame facility that distinguishes simplicity of installation.
Perhaps the most time-consuming and important stage will only be the construction of a frame, sometimes you have to attract a partner to do everything for sure.
It turns out a rather lightweight building that does not require a reinforced foundation, which also significantly reduces the timing of construction work.
The essential advantage of the frame assembly is the possibility of carrying out hidden communication lines - inside the walls between the levels of multi-layer overlaps.
Frame dacha with their own hands
More often than affordable and means, most often, becomes a frame house.
Light weight makes it possible to strengthen the two-story building without a significant pressure on the ground. But it is important to work efficiently every stage of the facilities so that it turned out a high-quality and reliable building.
A ribbon foundation is considered a reliable base, which is almost never inferior to the monolithic fill, but is successfully used for medium gravity buildings with 1-3 floors.
For the future cottage, a detailed project is drawn up, clearing the territory, they put markings, dig a trench - the tape should pass under each wall, partition.
Next, the walls of the dug space are equalized, the bottoms fall asleep with the crushed stone layers, then the sand, thoroughly trample every mound, and rip the waterproofing.
On top of insulating from moisture, the canvases put a formwork, put the knit reinforcement frame and perform the pouring of concrete. It remains to cover the design for a week, after which it is possible to remove the formwork and treat concrete with waterproofing from above.
If a column foundation is laid, the overall principle of work is maintained with the difference that the fill of each individual pillar is performed, which is associated with other painters.
In detail the process of forming a small-forming base for easy cottage is shown in the following video:
Construction of the basement
The base overlap is recommended to be built using the platform technology. Wood bars Parno fixed to each erected post, either stacked over the ribbon form. All the rusties fasten together on the studs.
The space of the base must have a certain degree of rigidity, which can be achieved if you put a central beam. Already on top of it, thick boards are placed, withstanding 60 cm between them.
Overlapping under the field
Next, the draft floors from the boards, a thickness of 2.5 cm, so that the base is in the form of cells. Inside the left cells are laid insulation - the foam with a thickness of tiles 0.5 and 1 cm, layered layers, overlapping the joints of the previous tier. The joints are necessarily treated with the sealing composition and switch to the flooring of the first floor.
Conclusion of walls
The walls of the building are raised over the finished floor. Wooden modules fasten with the bottom of the strapping from BRUSEV.
Given the riglel, the length of the racks is 2.9 m, and the ceiling height is made at least 2.5 m. The second floor may be lower, to become an attic.
The volumetric walls are difficult to erect alone, faster and easier to go, if there is an assistant. Full setting of all the walls takes about a week.
The process of mounting frame walls
It is most important to firmly connect angles with a transverse strapping using special brackets or spikes, metal corners, or plates.
Each set wall is aligned in terms of the level and relative to the plumb that the walls are smooth.
In the process of the construction of the walls, there is a small gap between two near-locked racks, equal to the thickness of the heat insulation used. Thus, it turns out to insulate the simpleness without trimming and gluing the insulation. Also, the absence of seams or joints significantly reduces thermal losses.
Warming of frame construction
It is important to make a frame of additional strength by installing a pod, squeaks that will hold the design in a strictly fixed position during operation. Attach the scrolls to the barrel and racks by means of partial or complete wrist. Drops can be secured simply by self-draws.
As a heater, mineral wool is used, which is inserted inside the formed cavities of the frame and fixes on glue. Usually, the thermal insulation is fixed after the outer sheat, so that it is to fix the material.
The frame roof includes rafters, the roof, where the latter is multi-layered, as it includes a draft and decorative coating, between which layers of insulation from water, steam are located.
The optimal height of the attic is considered to be 1.5 m, and the form is four-page.
The total temporary costs for the elimination of the roof are about a week.
The rough layer is formed from the boards by 2.5 mm, on top of which the insulating layer is settled. It remains to be placed thermal insulation, a layer of insulation from steam and sew the roof from the bottom. The last step will be a decorative roof covering outside, for which you can use tile or slate.
The walls of the house are squeezed by an inch board, exposing each element at a low angle in order to increase the reliability of the design.
Alternatively, if there is such an opportunity, it is better to take a tile material, for example, cement-chip.
During the off-season, before installing the doors, windows, all these openings are closed with polyethylene film. In the absence of roofing on the roof, it is also possible to use polyethylene to temporarily protect the houses of the house.
The motion of the skin always comes from the faca to the rear wall, which is covered last.
When the draft works are completed, proceed to decoration. To give a more aesthetic side of the roof, reducing the noise level from falling precipitation, you can use bitumen tiles. The material is produced in various colors, sizes, and the average consumption of raw materials is 1 package by 2.5 kV. m.
The movement of the cover of the roof comes along the midline, first horizontally. The following row is stacked with a partial displacement on the principle of dealers, as in brickwork. For fastening, simple nails are used, which do not need to draw - the hat is done in the roofing surface.
After the completion of the main coating, the lip of the roof remains, which is covered with aurator.
Walls outside can be seen with clapboard, siding, or other material for external work. It is important to combine colors and comply with the technology of work.
Before the outer facing, the frame is wrapped up with a source, collect the crate, and already on top of these layers, the fastening material is performed.
Internal work starts with insulation styling, which is recommended to be used in rolls to minimize the amount of joints. The remaining seams necessarily isolate scotch.
Next, the isolation of the insulation from steam is carried out, the tipped board is fixed, and the leaf plasterboard is fastened from above. Alternatively, a chipboard or other slab material is used sometimes.
Upon completion of the installation of GLK, you can start working on painting or pasting with wallpaper.
What style to make a house
Depending on the wishes of the owner, you can embody different design styles. Despite the seeming high cost, most of the interior solutions can be embodied even with a modest budget, if you figure out where it is more profitable to make purchases without much damage to quality.
Very close to the village settlements, the style involves soft shades, the presence of a large amount of natural materials, lack of personality.
Country direction prescribes to avoid using the most modern innovations in the construction sector, such as linoleum, chrome elements, stretch ceilings, and the like.
Materials use wallpaper from textiles or vinyl with a pattern under the texture, paper cloths, plaster, brick laying or stone, wood.
This interior style involves bright colors, saturated shades that will be mixed as much as possible among themselves.
Wooden boards are often used to cover the ceiling, and the walls are covered with fabric wallpaper with interesting patterns. The laminate with the wood pattern is often placed on the floor, on top of which a raw round carpet.
The color palette in retro style is not very limited, the use of light, bright, dark tones is allowed.
Light shades, laconicity, simplicity without frills, elegant forms - description, directly pushing to thoughts about classical design.
The parts used should be practical, comfortable, symmetrical, harmonious. Pretty shades are primarily used, elements under gold or silver are often used.
Catering style almost always denotes the use of a large number of boards - on the floor, on the ceiling. Natural wood shades are perfectly combined with soft pink, lilac, olive colors.
Make a cottage with your own hands is not so difficult, as it seems, but not just performed. It is important to accommodately approach the task, in advance of all the calculations, the scheme, planning the finish. It is not necessary to overpay for the materials, you can always find favorable places for shopping, but it is also impossible to save a lot - cheap raw materials quickly comes in disrepair.
Fully the process of exposurement of the frame house is shown in the following video:
Most urban residents dream of a small beautiful country house outside the city, where you can relax from the daily bustle, hide from the heat, completely to feel the freshness of nature. But not everyone is ready to embody his dream into reality, because it seems that a country house is expensive, long and very difficult. In fact, any owner can build a house with their own hands.
Choose a place
First of all, it is necessary to competently think over the space layout, because on the account every piece of the earth and it should be used as efficiently as possible. Of course, your land is your property, but still perform some requirements. So, it is important to observe the minimum distances: from the neighboring country area and the travel part - 3 m; From the street - 5 m.
The area with the deepening (lowland) is not even considered, because there will be a constant cluster of water. The optimal option is a higher place in the northern or northwestern part of the country area.
Small houses for giving: project options
One-storey house with a attic
In typical projects of country houses, a one-story building with a attic is an undisputed favorite. Here you can quite do without a hozblock, as the entire economic inventory is perfectly stored in the attic.
Project 1-storey house for giving
The terrace attached to the house can serve as a dining room.
Domic project with attic and terrace
By the way, summer houses with an attic, even in the absence of a full-fledged second floor, are often called two-storey. In this case, the first floor is planning a living room and kitchen, the second is used for personal space - the bedrooms of the hosts.
Note: It is profitable to save on heating. If you even take the most modest rates, then on the installation of a standard heating system (radiators, pipes, boiler) accounts for up to 20% of general budgetary funds. With an independent construction of a house where it is planned to live for the season (the end of the spring is the beginning of autumn), in case of bad weather, it is quite possible to do with infrared or electrical heaters.
Prefabricated country buildings
Recently, prefabricated buildings on dachas were very popular. Related, rectangular roof houses are by no means worse looking at the original architectural buildings with an interesting layout in one or two floors. After all, simplicity, minimalism and laconicity are always relevant.
The cottage house of the team type is a kind of designer who is easy to build, even with basic knowledge of construction. It facilitates the task that all systems have already laid: plumbing, ventilation, electrical wiring, air conditioning. This will allow you to prevent errors, especially beginners who have decided to build a house with their own hands.
Collapsible country buildings are designed for long holidays and family travels, friends. They have a fairly large area, can be single or two-storey. Such designs are equipped with kitchen, bathroom, recreation rooms, technical room. Here you can install plumbing, water heater, sink, worktop, hinged shelves. After assembling the house is absolutely ready for operation and does not require any additional work.
The foundation type should be chosen based on the floor and material that is used to build a house. "Light" houses made of timber, rounded wood, modular or frames are erected on a screw or bought the foundation; Two-storey and "heavy" buildings (from bricks, stone, aerated concrete or concrete blocks) require laying a ribbon foundation under the bearing walls and throughout the perimeter.
Screw piles for the foundation of the screw
Example of screw foundation
Categorization of belt foundations
Conceptual example of laying foundation
It is important to take into account the depth of the freezing of the Earth. The foundation must be laid below this level, while take into account the level of groundwater occurrence.
In the base zone, waterproofing is placed at a distance of 0.3-0.5 m from the ground. With dry ground, cement-sand material is used with a thickness of 3-4 cm. If the soil is wet, the rubberoid is additionally placed on top of the screed. Alternatively, the rubberoid on the dry tie is glued with hot mastic. Waterproofing is equipped below the planned layout of the floor beams.
Around the base creates a break with a small slope directed from the walls of the house. Its width should be at least 70 cm. To begin with, the upper layer of soil is removed, sand or clay, and on top of it - gravel, rubbank or broken brick. After pouring concrete.
An example of a ready-made tile laid out
Walls and floor
For flooring laid lags, between which the insulation is laid, and already on top of it - vaporizolation. It is attached to the lags in the stapler, and the jokes are sickling with scotch. Next, the styling of the draft floor, for which they take the cheapest, unedged boards, pre-treated with a tool against rotting and dampness. The final stage is the pulling floor. In 2-storey buildings as the floor frame of the second floor there are ceiling beams on the first.
Floor Coating Device Scheme
Laying insulation between lags
Staying the draft floor for vaporizoation
The technology and the process of the construction of walls directly depends on the type of material. When building a country house, with their own hands the optimal option will be a frame design. At the beginning of the work they collect a hard framework. In this case, the draft bar is placed around the perimeter, in the corners of the house, 4 columns are installed in the corners of the house and the framework is mounted using a bar, which is subsequently tinted plywood (chipboard). Inside it is laid insulation.
Construction of the walls of a frame house
Saving Brous DSP
An excellent option for the cottage is a lodge of a glued or profiled bar. It is relatively inexpensive, retains excellent internal microclimate and does not require volumetric finishing works. But it will be more complicated to build such a house than the same frame.
Brick, stone, made of aerated concrete or houses from concrete blocks are definitely durable and durable, but they will need a lot of money on their construction, and most importantly - additional qualified labor force.
The roofs of summer houses are single or double, consist of roofing and rafters, which place the flooring and the crate. The rafting leg is cut into the Mauerlit, the laying of which is produced around the perimeter of the wall, or into the top strapping of the wall. Also on the rafters fasten a milking crate, which can be nailed to break (parallel with the skate) or back.
The process of attaching a rafter foot
For the roof, natural or soft tiled, wavy slate, ondulin or profiled metal are used. Fravel and lip of the roof are covered with special fittings.
The final stage is the installation of door and window blocks, interior decoration, fastening the remaining parts in the form of waterproofs, platbands, etc.
Interesting projects of country houses in the photo
So, now you are familiar with the basic principles of building a house for giving with your own hands and, if you wish, you can build your own cozy corner outside the city. The main thing here is to inspire the idea, and you will definitely work out!
House for 6 acres
After you have purchased a small plot of six acres, it is extremely important to develop a house project and its location. At the same time, it is necessary to plan everything in the complex, since various types of landscape design require certain conditions for the choice of material to build a building.
If accommodation in the house in the cold season is not assumed, it makes sense to consider options with a small house of the house. This will significantly save the territory of the landing site or create a unique landscape design.
Before construction, it is important to explore all the main requirements for the construction of objects on the land plot:
- Buildings should be located no closer than five meters from the border of the site and three meters from the neighbors territory.
- Between your house and neighboring buildings, the distance should not exceed six meters.
- The sections of the site should be raised to the height of no more than one and a half meters.
- Toilet, cesspools can be located at a distance of not closer to fifteen meters from residential buildings or water sources (well, well).
What kind of house project to choose?
Before starting construction work, you need to decide on the size of the house. The most relevant size can be considered if the building will be located:
- Living room (or several rooms).
- Terrace (open or closed veranda).
Conditionally all projects of houses can be divided into three types:
- One-storey buildings which has no heating and no electricity, but able to protect against unfavorable natural factors. In such structures, as a rule, there is no strong foundation, and when it is erected inexpensive material.
- Universal buildings With a small area suitable for year-round accommodation. The most common among owners of their own sections. In such projects, it is possible to place the kitchen, toilet and an additional residential room. These are mainly capital buildings with reliable foundation and heating.
- Two-storey houses which are equated with full-fledged country cottages. On the first floor it is advisable to plan the accommodation of the kitchen and the living room, and on the second one or two bedrooms. To make the house more compatible it is worth thinking about the extension of the attic.
Country house with a bath under one roof
Projects of houses with a bath mainly make in two versions. Each, of which must meet the Main Requirement - combining two buildings with different functions.
In the first version, the room for the steam room and the washing office are placed on the first floor, and the rest is located on the second.
When applying the second method, a bath is attached to the residential building. It can be placed directly next to the house or connect with it a small tambour.
Common between these methods is the presence of one roof.
It is important to understand that in the construction of such a structure, additional heat and waterproofing materials must be applied.
The undoubted advantage of such buildings should include the possibility of creating a unified communication system. This will allow the bathhouse all year round without having to carry water and firewood.
Dimensions of residential buildings
The smallest residential country buildings are 4 per 4 m, the houses are smaller than doing no sense. The layout in this version is very simple - one room.
From each other, such houses may differ only in the number of windows and the location in relation to the parties of light. Doors are preferably placed in the middle or from the end of the building. The area is about 16 square meters.
Built up the size of 6 x 3 m. It will be a little more, about 18 square meters. The layout can already include a place for cooking.
The above options are unlikely to be optimal. Bruce or log houses in size 6 x 3 m are much more in demand. It is explained simply - the length of the bar (logs) is six meters.
In addition, a small kitchen can already be designed in the house. In the summer house of 6 x 4 m. You can build a small tambour (or bathroom).
If we talk about residential buildings 6 x 4 m., It is quite realistic to place another room or living room.
Materials used for the construction of country houses and their durability
- Frame houses.
The most common way to build. According to statistics more than seventy percent of country houses frame or panel. Early quickly, for the country season. The minimum construction time, without finishing and installing the foundation, can be a month and a half.
The frame is squeezed from the inner and outer side inexpensive material (plywood, OSP or lining).
The insulation is stacked between the trimmed material. Advantages - the ability to hold and rebuild the design. Not bad option for price / quality ratio. Under the compliance with the construction and regular processing, special antiseptic compositions are rather durable.
- Houses from the cut.
The second prevalence method of construction. When buying a ready-made log (taking into account the time required to build the foundation), it is realistic to build a house for 3-4 months.
Important! The building will take about six months on the shrinkage.
Build a house can be independently, the design of the construction is not complicated. Like any construction of a tree, a house can be easily complete or re-posted. Durable, subject to processing by bioprotective materials. Environmentally, with proper operation, it may be a single decade.
Not bad option. True will require close attention to the assembly process. When fulfilling all the recommendations of professionals, the owner has the right to count on warm and reliable housing.
- Country houses from timber.
Very popular way. In construction, a solid, profiled timber is applied.
The assembly is carried out from the finished bars, so the period of construction will be 2-3 months. Taking into account the bookmark of the foundation. As in the case of the houses from the church, the time for shrinkage will be about six months. As a rule, houses are manufactured and collected by professionals.
If you ourselves decided to build such a house, the manufacturer's guarantee is not provided. Advantages - warm; reliable; do not require finish; the possibility of upgrading; durability; environmental friendliness; Beautiful appearance. Disadvantage - high cost.
- Brick projects.
Brick structures are not afraid of temperature differences and adverse natural factors (precipitation, strong wind). However, such a way has a number of shortcomings: brick - quite expensive building material; The process of building a house can take a long time. Dignity - the service life of the cottage from the brick can be several decades without special preventive measures.
Important! With the erection of such buildings, special attention should be paid to the optimal temperature regime - the increased humidity is invalid.
In addition, due to the essential mass of the brick, the construction of capital foundation is required. The best option is a monolithic base.
- Houses from gas silicate blocks.
The main reason for which such material is chosen is a low price. Cheaper bricks about twice.
Important! The blocks are fragile, so when transporting you need to be especially careful.
Used when erecting outdoor walls. The outer cover will be required, as the look of a naked house is not present. It is best to apply materials with high moisture resistance and deformation resistance. For example: siding or facing clinker brick.
Construction of such a house does not take long. The building is obtained quite warm.
- The construction must be one-storey, otherwise the walls will not stand the load;
- The field laying the walls need to make the monolithic belt belt;
- At a minimum, a belt foundation is needed;
- Over the years, the design will give shrinkage.
- Residential buildings from aerated concrete .
- low weight, respectively, a slight load on the foundation;
- small thermal conductivity;
- long service life;
- Easy to handle blocks (using ordinary hacks, you can give any form);
- Pardonberry and environmental friendliness.
- fragility of blocks;
- Inability to tightly hold the fasteners.
- Dominics from foam blocks.
Low price material. The mass of the block directly depends on the quality used in its manufacture of cement mortar. The maximum number of floors is 2-3.
Advantages - frost resistance; security; Low thermal conductivity; simplicity in processing; acceptable sound insulation; The rapid exhibition.
- Specific choice of funds for finishing, not all materials will be suitable;
- No possibility to screw the screws, since the blocks have a cellular structure;
- Increased requirements for moisture insulation.
- Houses from Sibita.
Sibit is a type of aerated concrete. It is characterized by special strength, separately with its own properties resembles wood. The material is light, perfectly preserving heat. By thermal insulation properties exceeds bricks three times.
- Low material strength;
- On partitions and walls, heavy cabinets and shelves should not be hung (there will be special fasteners).
Thus, it can be concluded that the most economical option is frame houses.
Approximate prices for country houses
When choosing an option with a frame or frame-paired house, an approximate price will be from 11 thousand rubles per square meter. Building a wooden house box will cost about 13,000 rubles. for one m2. The structure of foam concrete blocks will have to pay from 15 thousand rubles. for 1 m2. Brick house - 18000 / m2. Thus, knowing the total area of the designed house, calculate the final cost of the construction of labor will not be. But these are only the cost of building walls. To this amount, it will be necessary to add funds to the foundation, insulation, the cost of laying the roof, the inner decoration of the premises.
In Moscow and the Moscow region, there are a huge number of proposals for the sale of ready-made country turnkey houses. Example: Domain with dimensions Width / Depth / Height - 6000/6000/3020 From glued timber Sold for 367,000 rubles.
The final value of the house depends on your preferences on the choice of additional options and may increase in two, and even three times.
- Foundation columnal - One of the most common. Consists of blurred posts in the land. The upper part, protruding, is aligned horizontally.
Poles must be installed at the corners of the building, under the walls and partitions. The distance between them is recommended to withstand 1-2.5 meters. Poles, as a rule, are exhibited from bricks or concrete blocks. It is used when building frame-shield structures, log cabins and timers.
Such a foundation is recommended to be installed on dense soils.
- speed of construction;
- Applies only for light buildings;
- Cannot be used on moving soils.
- Ribbon foundation Fully repeats the outlines of the house, and ensures the stability and reliability of the structure. It is a ribbon of reinforced concrete or brick. One part of such a foundation is in the ground, the other on the surface. This allows you to shut down the garage or cellar under the construction. But only in the case of the use of a bellped type of foundation. Conditionally, such a foundation is divided into finely swallowed (50-80 cm.) And beugoons (over 80 cm.).
Used in the construction of any type of cottage.
- reliability and durability;
- High bearing capacity;
- Wide scope.
- relatively high price:
- labor consumption.
- Pile Fundam - Design from piles immersed in the soil and combined tops. The piles themselves can be made at the manufacturer or directly in the soil. Piles can be:
They are driven or screwed into the soil until they should be disappeared into the dense layer of the Earth.
- Monolithic foundation - Reinforced base laid on a specially equipped cushion from gravel and sand. Suitable absolutely for any soil, will withstand the load from any country house. Lack only one is a high price.
Summing up and following the advice of specialists, it should be understood that with the final choice of the optimal dacha house for you, a large number of factors should be taken into account. Starting from its financial capabilities, the sizes of the country area, ending with the type of soil on it.
If you buy the factory set of a frame cottage house, then it will be no cheap. It is even about the average price in this case - it's how to measure the average temperature in the hospital, since manufacturers of frame houses dozens, they offer a sea of various projects, from different materials. Therefore, the price and quality of the future house can be very different.
Construction dates: Frame cottage house 6x6 m from the factory house complex can be collected literally for the week;
Simplicity and availability of installation: A person who has no special experience in rustic construction will cope with the assembly of the house on the framework technology from the factory domocomplekt;
Foundation: Obligatory. The design of the foundation depends on the site, the properties of the soil and mass of the house;
Finishing facades and inside: Obligatory. Most often for finishing use "lining", Phaneur and siding;
Fire resistance: When fireing a skeleton country house will flash like boxes of matches. Burns completely and very fast;
Important: A frame house from the factory is not a budget decision. The cost of such a box is higher than the cost of the box of the country house from aerated concrete. At the same time, from the point of view of quality, the buyer of the kit has to rely only on the reputation of the manufacturer.
In addition, there are quite a lot of minuses in skew country houses: bad sound insulation, there may be drafts, and rodents and other liveliness are often breeding in the insulation. Ventilation should be organized in the frame dacha house, because the steamproof walls "do not breathe." Otherwise, the premises will be stuffy, the insulation can worst, it can lead to the appearance of mold and fungus.
Tree tree house
The tree is traditionally popular in rustic construction, and a lot of varieties of this material are presented on the market, starting with the "classic" log. However, most often people build cottages, cottages and baths from the usual, "raw" not dried bar.
We examined the features and nuances of its application in detail in the article "Banya do it yourself - a tree or aerated concrete?". We refer to it in this context, since we do not see the point of repeating, because the country house and baths have a lot in common. These are small objects in the area, they are not operating constantly. Many build them independently and try to minimize the cost of construction.
Construction dates: The brigade of several people will supply a country house from a bar in 2-3 weeks. Maximum quickly, you can build a box of a logized log cabinet - a set of marked parts, fully ready for assembly. However, such a country house will cost much more expensive;
Simplicity and availability of installation: Newbie, without experience, will not be easy to collect a log house from a bar. Especially alone with this material, it is not handled because a wooden, "raw" brus from a pine cross section 150x150 mm and a length of 6 m weigh about 100 kg. When assembling a set of a rounded log, a non-professional can do without the participation of specialists, but he will need assistants;
Foundation: Obligatory. The design of the foundation depends on the site, the properties of the soil and mass of the house;
Finishing facades and inside: A good tree in itself looks beautiful, from this point of view to separate the walls of such cottages - only spoil the appearance. However, these works are time-consuming, extension and grinding of the surface of the tree, further its impregnation, protecting wood from moisture and as a result of rotting. Periodically impregnation should be updated, but over time the surface of the tree darkens despite protective compositions. Therefore, the walls from the bar very often, simply "trim" siding;
Fire resistance: The tree is treated with refractory compositions, but the effectiveness of such protection is temporary. After a few years, fire resistance decreases sharply.
Important: Wooden logged must "stand out" and dry, only after that you can start decoration and arrangement. Therefore, the beginning of the operation of a wooden country house will have to postpone until the next country season. Otherwise, when shrinking, the gaps will appear and the finishing finish of the room will suffer. In addition, the tree requires care: periodically it must be treated with an antiseptic, refractory composition and regularly cautious seams.
Dachnaya House of Aerated concrete - Twinblock "Teplit"
The market shows a depletion of various brands - D600, D500, D400. We consider it an optimal solution for the dacha construction of TwinBlock D400 - it is lightweight, warm and affordable. It is inferior to the strength of the D600, D500, these brands are used in multi-storey construction, and D400 is in an individual, low-rise - for the construction of houses up to three floors.
Construction dates: "Box" of the country house is 6x6 m from twinblel, on the finished foundation, really build yourself in a week. You can learn more about the experience and timing of construction from TwinBlock on our website "Reviews of Twinblock D400".
Simplicity and availability of installation: To stop the villas of the cottage from twin blocks easily, customers even compare this process with the assembly of the structure of Lego. Compact blocks, weigh relatively a bit (twinblock D400 with a thickness of 200 mm weighs less than 18 kg.), Equipped with grooves for hands - it is convenient to take and transfer them. They have an ideal geometry, so there will be no problems with masonry, alignment, etc.
In addition, everyone can undergo free training of masonry from Twinblock in the "School of Professional Master Teplit".
Does the foundation need: Obligatory. Our designers calculated the design of the foundation plate for the country house from the gas block - twin block. This is not an expensive and universal solution that can be performed on your own.
The foundation plate for giving from twin block. Dimensions of the house - 6x6 m. Soil is loamy.
The proposed design is suitable for the house of seasonal and year-round accommodation.
- Pillow of compacted rock soil or rubble thickness 500-600 mm.
- The foundation concrete plate with a thickness of 250 mm (for a home or bath with dimensions up to 4x4 m. Quite thickness 200 mm) with reinforcing reinforcement F12 mm with a step of 200х200 mm in the upper and lower zones.
Holding the design of the foundation for a larger home or for other soils, it is necessary to consider: the properties of the soil, dimensions, weight, house design and operation mode. Since the foundation of the foundation of the house for year-round accommodation is different from the seasonal accommodation.
Finishing facades and inside: Twinblock has a smooth, smooth surface, so the walls of the country house can not be separated. Many customers perform the minimal finish of the facade of the rustle of the seams and painting. Inside, the walls can simply sharpen and paint and paint
Fire resistance: The tests have shown that the wall of twin block when exposed to open fire for 3.5 hours retains the integrity and carrying capacity. During this time, you can put out ignition and further restore the cottage.
IMPORTANT: The laying of twin blocks is performed on a specially designed adhesive composition, the seam thickness is only 2-3 mm.
Comparison of the cost of construction of walls * of the country house from a bar and twin block D400
Parameters of the country house:
- Size by external perimeter - 6x6 m
- The height of the box after shrinkage (from the foundation to the roof) - 2.7 m
- The total area of window and doorways - 6.5 sq.m
|Name||Pine bar, 150x150 mm||Twinblock D400, 200 mm thick|
|Number of material, taking into account the edge (timber - 15%, TwinBlock - 3%)||10.62 m3||11.81 m3|
|Material price per m3||from 7 000 rub||from 3 450 rubles|
|Cost of material wall||74 340 rubles||40 745 rubles|
* The rest of the design elements of the country house we do not compare because of the identity. The foundation and roof we accept for houses of different types are the same.
What country is warmer?
At the beginning of the article, we noted that the country house is not designed for year-round accommodation, so it makes no sense to buy an expensive heating boiler for the cottage. At the same time, the climate of the Ural region is rather severe: even summer is cool. In addition, the country season is customary to begin early, in early May, and completing in September-October. Therefore, the owners usually provide simple, budgetary options for the heating of country houses - compact furnaces on firewood or small electrical heaters.
Building materials affect the heating rate of the country house and the time to maintain heat. Therefore, we decided to compare framework technology, wood and gas chamber in terms of Energy Efficiency:
- Small Frame country house It warms up for 1 hour. Not bad! But there is one problem: Mineral insulation, and even more so foam or EPPS with time in the walls collapses. Therefore, every year in the country will be all colder and colder;
- Tree - Warm material. The country house from it will quickly warm and keep warm. However, a tree is a living material, it swells and dries during operation, slots are formed between the elements. If they do not get rid of them quickly, warm air will go through the slots and you will "fuck the street";
- Twinblock D400. - It has excellent thermal conductivity - 0.106 W / m ° C, so the walls can not be inspired, even if you build a cottage in the Ural region. By the way, the thermal conductivity of the coniferous wood tree is much worse - 0.180 W / m ºС. By the level of heat of the twinblock D400, also exceeds the tree. Read more about this in our article "Banya do it yourself - a tree or aerated concrete?".
Output: The country house of aerated concrete - TwinBlock preserves warmth, it is easier and faster warm. It can be comfortable to live up to snow, the cost of heating will be low!
So what is better to build a country house?
Frame technology, timber, gasoblock - all these materials and technologies are suitable for solving the task: build a cottage quickly and for acceptable money. But, in each case there are nuances, and we tried to tell you about them.
What to stop the choice? Depends on the budget, recreation requirements at the cottage, finally, to how thorough it should be a house. Recall the fairy tale "On Three Pigs", built houses on various "technologies". Two went along the path of the least resistance: Nif-Niff chose a straw, NUF-NUF - branches and thin bars, NAF-NAF - stone. The final of this story is known.
Conducting analogies with a fairy tale, you can compare the framework for the construction of a country house with the one that I chose NIF-NIF. Quickly and not thorough. This option is hardly suitable for a comfortable family holiday in the country for many years.
Compare the dacha from a bar with a NUF-NUFA house would not be correct. But the tree still has weaknesses. One of them - you will have to regularly take care of the integrity and preservation of the Dacha constructive.
The solid house of NAF-NAF is most complied with a country house of aerated concrete. Not in vain today they are called stone. From TwinBlock you can build a country house with your own hands, quickly and for reasonable money. It will be warm, reliable, durable and comfortable for family recreation and accommodation during the summer and even cold autumn. Finally, with him the least hassle: built - and operate without additional effort, televitations and investments for many years.
From this triple, only about the country house from aerated concrete - TwinBlock, you can say: "They built a country house, and the house turned out."!
What materials correspond to the expectations of people who have already built their homes or cottages?
In 2019, a deep study was conducted "preferences of retail customers of wall materials for low-rise construction." It was attended by 192 people - real and potential buyers of wall materials with plans to build a house for 3 years.
Let's leave all conclusions behind the brackets - in the study of more than 100 pages. Share the most important on our article:
- 94.3% of the participants of the study who choose aerated concrete as a material for country construction, satisfied result: - 73.6% answered "Yes, everything suits"; - 20.7% - "Rather, yes, than not"; - 3.4% - "hard to say"; - 2.3% - "Not satisfied" .
- Only 66% of participants who viewed aerated concrete as a material for the walls, but eventually chose another solution, satisfied with the result: - 36.4% of respondents answered "Yes, everything suits"; - 30.3% - "Rather, yes, which is not"; - 30.3% - "hard to say"; - 3% - "not satisfied".
It should be noted that, together with aerated concrete, the participants most often considered such materials such as log (timber) - 42%, brick (30%) and other modern construction technologies. However, in the end, the brick was used only 6%. The bar was used much more often than other materials.
To promote twin locks, we use slogans: "Build is easy to live warm!". Practice confirms, it is 100% true!
P.S. Employees of the sales department of the "Teplit" plant will prompt how to build a cottage from twin blocks, a country house or bath. In addition, we provide customers with the opportunity to undergo free training at the School of Professional Master Teplit.
Want to know more about twin blocks? Read our publications and articles:
Where is it more profitable to buy twin blocks?
What is the difference between twin blocks from the gas block?
Warming aerated concrete, why should the wall be breathing?
Study of life experience in the house from TwinBlock D400
Wall unit twinblock D400 - when less is more!
Somewhere at the end of 14 years old, when I covered my mini-business, there was an emptiness and became somehow boring, I chibano ... And not to build anything? Then I began to diligently smoking the theory of frame construction and look for a potential "sacrifice". In some places I cried the announcement in the Spirit "We will build a dacha for food," where the main promise was that I essentially needed experience, and you will get the workforce for nothing. The same suggested familiar. But the thing was that those who were interested in those who were interested, there was no money, and those who had money ... Well, they why? Logical.
As a result, I decided to experiment on myself, and in 2016 I bought a plot in SNT.
It was decided to build a very small house, sizes of only 5300x3000mm, but not as the country houses usually make, and so that the construction could act as a test model before the construction of a full-fledged house. Just in case, even the option presented the presence of a bathroom, miniature cuisine, to be able to bring to the absurdity and make a small home with all amenities.
Planning (extremely fantasy)
But ... to do this, of course I will not))
Early spring, after buying a plot, I purchased a board and laid it to dry up before the start of construction. The way for those 3-4 months that the board was searched in the garage, she mildly lost weight in weight. For reference, raw wood weighs around 800kg per cube, and dry a little more than five hundred. I can not say how much my left, did not weigh, but the difference was very noticeable.
And yes, do not build something from the raw. Because, firstly, based on the above, almost 300 liters of water from each cube of the board will be inside your walls, and secondly, if you look into some GOST 6782.1-75, then the destruction can be about 5%, and this For some nodes somehow not very much.
However, I distracted. As soon as the snow came down, I started cleaning the plot. Removed the grass, shrubs and sawed trees. He left only a fir, which attracted when buying a plot.
In addition, there were still no electricity on the site, therefore it was urgently electrified the Christmas mentioned above. Foto unfortunately did not find it.
Summer was near and it's time to build. The first thing is the foundation. Due to the specifics of the soils, the choice fell on the screw piles, which to spin themselves in my case it was inappropriate, and I just ordered them.
Installation of piles
The day of X is arrived. The bastard brought the board on his old Belarus, and went ...
Cutting a Christmas tree, overlapping by a platform, a wall with a stupid rigel, which I saw on one of Yutube channels on the presentity then, and other jokes.
Construction of carcass
In general, the construction of the carcass took 5 days, some of which I worked alone, and some of the bastards closed the membrane, so as not to urged once again, the residue of the materials threw on the "attic" and on this first stage was completed.
Construction of carcass
With a large number of nuances, construction of a frame can be seen in the widget
Later, I returned to make the frontal skes, climbed the crowd to lay roof, was to put jumpers in the openings under the windows and the door.
The next step, the house was covered by the usual 3 millimeter Fiberboard (so by the way it is not necessary to do, but I can), and then wrap the hydraulic processor membrane, which in turn is pressed by the Bar of the Ventzazor. In the doorway temporarily put the old wooden door.
DVP and GVZ membrane
I have already been able to take the walls with geotextile so that the membrane does not sort the ultraviolet, and I wanted to leave the whole thing to winter, the benefit of the money was still unexpel, but then the Bath manifested the initiative and suddenly, without a warning, he brought the board to shelter the walls. I didn't just bought the wall. Her, and bought a cutting board, agreed with some familiar man, so that he was drunk through the machine and so on ... in general, the house was chosen. The windows also sewed and did not immediately cut through. Less chance that someone climbs in winter. After that, I splashed the skin with an antiseptic, and now everything is really left to winter.
On this post becomes quite large, so I just show the result. And whether to write a continuation about insulation, internal finish and other moments, let's see how this will go.
Since you are reading this article, the holiday outside the city is attractive to you at your site. The country house for this, of course, is necessary. It is highly desirable to build it simple, cheap and inexpensive. For the sake of saving not only cash and their labor, but also land area. In this publication, you will find information on how to build a country house with your own hands is possible easier, rather, easier and cheaper. It is also desirable that the house's ergonomics make it possible to wait for a long bad weather to wait for a discomfort, and the structure of the structure made it possible to use various design solutions for its external and internal design.
Small-sized country houses
Where to start
The first question to decide, going to build a country house - what to build it? Where - already know, the site will not transport anywhere. According to the material, the ground at the site of construction and weather conditions, the construction of the house is selected, the finished project is developed under it or the finished project is being selected, and then - estimate, purchases, and for business. From the selection of material, we will begin.
What to build?
Since we are interested in easy-to-implement options, brusade and log houses are excluded from consideration: build them on their own very difficult. In addition, such houses are sensitive to seasonal grounds of soil and therefore require the foundation no less reliable than a ribbon complete blowjob (from 0.6 m below the normative depth of the NGP freezing, counting along the ribbon sole). The foundation of a complete blowjob should stand in order to give its own shrinkage, at least from the end of the summer to the full spring heat next year. The same excerpts require slaughter warmed foundations, for example. Swedish cooker. True, the type of foundation for wooden houses that does not require a technological break (see below), but also the most brusade or log structure should stand on the shrinkage year before will be ready for the finishing. therefore The brusade or the connate country house will be disproportionally expensive (from approx. 12 000 rubles / sq. M) and difficult to independently build.
The same situation arises with brick houses and houses from foam / gas blocks. Ultimately, the construction of a small country house of brick, foam block or timber is appropriate only in very small areas, when the structure is extremely compact in terms of the structure. In this case, the house is built by 2-storey; Brick and timber technology allow you to build a house in 2 floors unprepared, but attentive and accurate builder. Examples of the planning of compact 2-storey brick and brusade house are given in Fig.:
Appearance and layout of 2-storey small-sized country houses from brick and timber
Note: Flooded house novice builder to build easier than brick, brusade or log. The construction of a country house from foam / gasoblocks makes sense if the cottage is visited all year round - no need for additional insulation and less will be heating.
The most simple and fast ways to build a small home - an assembly from the finished panel household complex or structural and isolated panels (SIP) . A collection-panel house 20x20 feet (6x6 m) a week puts a pair of trained instructions to a set of chimpanzees of medium mental abilities. Not a joke, there were such experiments. But, alas - the cost of construction. At current prices somewhere from 18,000 rubles / sq. m. without foundation.
The siep house will cost cheaper, approx. from 15 000 rubles / sq. m with a foundation on geoshuruph (see below). However, the designs of the SIP are kept on the locks between the panels. So that the house from the SIP is quite reliable, there must be quite a lot of internal partitions from the same sip with locks. Since the partitions in a compact house or not at all, the SIP as the material for it we also do not touch.
So, we conclude : Build a country house to be quick, simply and cheap is needed from a tree. For one small, but very significant exception, see below.
An inexpensive garden and / or a compact country house better to build according to a typical project; For significant details of construction, see further. A ready-made free project of the country house is quite easy to find with any search engine. Or for a fee - a detailed typical project of a garden house for 300 rubles. Find really on the relevant sites.
How to choose easier and cheaper
However, dealing with projects, it is necessary to take into account some of the essential circumstances, namely the cost, duration and complexity of the zero cycle, i.e. Earthworks and bookmarks foundation. The case is in the frosty bent of the soil. With seasonal moves, the land under the house does not go to the walker and is not surchated by waves. Country areas are cut on the soils of a variety, but possessing one common property - sufficient self-connected, otherwise such a dacha is not needed. Therefore, within a certain space on the surface, frosty, the soil is reduced mainly to raise / reversely squeeze its surface with a small rhe.
On the other hand, a small country house has excessive rigidity and elasticity. There is a well-known with the technique (and persistently not coming by lovers) the law of the Cuba. Check it on experience Simple: glue from the usual pape paper cubes with the sides of 2 and 10 cm and try to change the same one. The third factor is the proposed binder of the soil is inextricably linked with its mechanical properties.
Without going into further details, I will immediately inform the conclusion: if a small wooden country house in terms fit into a circle of a certain diameter, then on ordinary soils of garden plots it can be built on an unwinted foundation, which is more likely, easier and cheaper. In which circle should fit the project of a wooden house in terms of, so that it is possible to build on a unlightened foundation on the soils to the mid-room inclusive, shown in Fig. It all depends on, as we see, from the proportions of the structure: the more "square", the better it is playing the seasonal ports of the soil. Therefore, "trams" houses for narrow sites are better not looking at the foundation of a normal blowing. But if the ratio of the "sticks" of the T-shaped house lies within 1 <l / w <1.5, then it can be inserted into a circle with a diameter of 7 m, as the house of classical proportions. House-angles fit into the circle d = 6.5 regardless of the proportions of the side of the angle.
How to choose a project of a small country house, so that it can be built on an unlightened foundation on the soils to the mid-room inclusive
Note: The veranda / terrace is included in the project's projection, if it is rigidly related to its design. Veranda, not having a mechanical connection with a house or on a hinge touch with it, from the projection of the house in the plan are excluded.
We assume that with the foundation we decided. Recall only that under the brick, brusade or log house on all soils, except for non-empty, you need to lay a normally swallowed tape or the foundation of TISE. The slab foundation with insulation "is settled" on the ground 2-3 years; This is enough so that the brusade or log house began to split. For a house from a bar or foam blocks on a weakly soil, you can lay the foundation on geoshurups (see Next) with a steel painter.
Unfoliated foundation for a compact country house is easier and cheaper than the total columnar from the ready-made concrete blocks of 200x200x400. Blocks are laid out on cement-sandy solution from M150 two in a row; Upper hilarious. Thus, the column is obtained in terms of 400x400 mm.
Bottles under columns are reached at a depth of 0.5 m; Of these, 15 + 15 cm falls on the anti-high-gravel pillow. Blowing the columns from the blocks by more than 20 cm. There is no sense: the rebirth of the seams is weak, and the horizontal components of the forces of frosty powder will break the poles. The number of blocks of blocks in the column makes more than 2, if the house above the soil should be lifted by more than 20 cm. Machine after a device of a bar foundation from blocks is required minimal, to solidify the masonry solution, it is approx. a week.
The foundation foundation of the compact house is often, according to the pattern of large buildings, make the pile on the boronobyl stilts in a soft formwork from the rubberoid. If the house on the slope, on the pile shell take asbetic pipes, which allows you to compensate for the difference in the heights of the slope to 1.7 m and more. With respect to rapidly small construction, these foundations are the same as the tape - should stand and settle at least from autumn to spring.
Note: The foundation of tees for an easy compact home to lay meaning is not - "Hats" of piles tees normally work in the ground only under sufficient weight load from the building. Of the small houses, only 2-storey brick or concrete is capable of creating such.
The optimal option of a bellped foundation for a compact house - on geoshurup. Geoshuraupa - a variety of shortened screw piles specifically for light buildings. Unlike conventional screw piles, geoshuraupes are not designed for the shaft, bulk and floating grounds. The foundation on GEOSHUURUPH for the Big House will cost much more than the ribbon homemade, because Geoshuraupa themselves are not cheap, but for a small house it is not so scary, since screws need a little.
Geoshuup for small and medium density powers on the principle of holding it in the ground is somewhat similar to the furniture screw confirmation and externally also like it, see Fig.:
Device of geosuerpa and foundation on geosurup
A smooth geoshurplication headband for dense soils is uniformly cylindrical. Those and other geosuuroupes can be used on the soils up to excessive. On the heads of geoshroups, you can both lay a wooden lower strapping of the structure and mount steel scarshell. About how a wooden house is built on screw piles, see, eg. track. video:
Video: Setting a frame house
The advantages of geoshuples for quick construction in a small plot in the cramped conditions are huge:
- No preliminary geological surveys are required.
- Geoshuraupes can be wrapped in a rather strongly clogged soil: a cobblestone or a piece of concrete with a children's head is screwed off to the side.
- No special equipment and access roads for it are not needed: 2 people scrap or a homemade gate from a piece of pipe wrap up to 10 and more geoshroups.
- Preparatory excavation works are not required: Jerup simply put an end to the hole on the bayonet shovel and cool. Vertically align when a pointed tip will enter the ground to a third - half.
- Custom geoshurupes can be protected / turning to align the heads into the horizon.
- No lack of continuum is required - construction can continue as soon as the last screw is wrapped.
- Incorrectly wrapped screws can be turned and wrapped again to the previous well.
Note: If you are stationing on the finished project, which indicates the type and characteristics of the foundation, then you need to follow the recommendations of the projectors, or to consult with them on the subject - whether such a fitting is suitable on such a soil.
What is the building?
We approach the very essence: what kind of simple country house will build cheaper and most likely? In order of increasing cost, complexity and time of construction, as well as potentially aesthetic qualities (suitability for design and finishing) options are located next. way:
- Military Kung's house;
- House bungalow;
- Frame house.
When not to frills
Kung - Abbreviation, denoting the body unified normal (zero) dimensions. In the USSR, the unified closed bodies for cars appeared after the Second World War and, thanks to their convenience, the Kung name soon became nominative. Country house from Kung, the most important thing is very cheap: written off Kung-Domekovo from ZIL-131 can be found in 30,000 rubles. And the construction comes down to bring it and put it on the columns, concrete supports of grape trellis, etc., laid on a crushed pillow (so that the weeds do not germinate and the recurrent living creatures did not start). The foundation for Kung is not needed on any soil in any climate - Kung is designed to move on off-road and overturning the carrier vehicle.
The disadvantage of Kung as a country house is only one: a utilitarian appearance, which any designer swells are only protruding. But the benefits are mass:
- Excellent insulation - stove size with a desktop system unit heats kung with the most bodied frost.
- The price is more than an order of magnitude less than that of the construction former, the residential container or section of the modular country house.
- High resistance to external influences - warehouses, cabins and saturbs from kungs are almost without departure for more than 50 years, and they are not visible demolition.
- Foreign safety - laid constructively.
- Built-in wiring or channels for it, an electrical shield (VSH) and terminals for connecting grounding.
- Wide ability to redecessing, internal equipment and finishing (see below).
- No legislative design and installation permit is required. I bought it - brought - put - Live.
Kung for a country house is better to look for from cars ZIL-131 or GAZ-66 (see fig.): They have a smooth floor and put them on the columns are easier due to the small or lack of recesses under the wheeled niches. Stakes (can be brickly folded dry) you need 6: in the corners of the middle of the long sides. Among other things, Kungi from ZIL-131 and GAZ-66 is cheaper and re-equipped under housing is easier than Uralsk and Kamaz.
Cars ZIL-131 and GAZ-66 with Kungami and Kung from ZIL-131
Note: Unrelated "booths" from the ancient zis and GAZ-51 -53 do not take, their frames are strongly susceptible to corrosion and the insulation is not suitable anywhere.
The width of Kung is standard for zero auto-sideway (2.4 m), and the length can be in the range of 3.5-8.5 m. If your site is long and narrow, then the house-"tram" from Kunga on it is almost the only way to do without The embedding of a plated foundation.
Kung equipment under a compact country house
For a cottage house, it is preferable to search for kung two-dimensional (double-circuit), on the left in Fig. But any other empty turns out to be surprisingly spacious, in the center. Kung-lotovka (left and right above in Fig.) Already provides normal inhabitability for 3-4 people, but even better to search for Kung from old hardware. There, too, there are sleeping places for the crew of 3-4 people, and after some applying your hands, it turns out of such a kung, and the candy, on the right below in fig. Right (depending on the entrance inside) the autonomous power supply gas station (BEA) is better removed: a mini-toilet with a shower is placed in its place. Removing half of the shelves over the left compartment of Baa, we get a place for a gas stove for 1-2 burners and a small cutting table. The most baye compartment is as part of the garden inventory, planting material, etc., and with access also outside, through a wide hatch. In addition, in Kungakh hardware communication there are side windows, which will not say not about all Kungah - military crafts.
Chalet and means sludge, and what changes undergoing the meaning of this word with the development of architecture is another. The country house-shala is durable almost the same as Kung, because His carrier farms are triangular. A small house-slab (approx. Up to 4x6 m) can be placed on an undelated foundation on any soil, except for excessive. Materials on the house-slab required 1.5-2 times less than on the bungalow or frame house, and build it without experience and with a minimum set of tools is easier. There is still one dignity inherited from the great-grandfather: it fits perfectly with almost any decoration in any landscape, see Fig.:
County Chalashi Houses
The flaws of the house chalet are a bit. House-Salash retains all its advantages to size in terms of approx. 6x9 m, then it becomes more complex and material consumption than traditional. In a small-sized house-chaolate, one of the beds have to be equipped in the attic, where it is necessary to climb the vertical staircase, that's all.
In America and Canada, single-sided single houses - asylums for hunters, fishermen, buttons, seasonal dress tenants (this is the same as the Soviet hectarer who remembers), on the left and center in Fig.:
Device of single Domyak-shala - shelter and 3-seater dacha
But the house-slab is only 3x3 m in the plan can be dacha on 2-3 people, right. Heating costs in the other case a little bit, because The relative area of the household house-shala is less and he warms it faster due to more active air circulation. If your cottage is commercially inhabited from the first spring heat to winter cold, then the house-slab is optimal. After Kung, if it succeeds in buying, who knows the real price of Kunga.
How to Build Chale
Building a house-shalya size in terms of up to 6x4 m is made step by step. manual (this is T. Naz. Airsheabellah technology developed by the Germans for the construction of their zeppelins):
- Laid columnar or pile screw (on geysurup) foundation;
- Carries A-shaped frame frames are collected from the boards (130 ... 150) x40 lying on the plaza - any sufficiently solid flat surface;
- The collected frames are stacking to check for the skew and in size, for the chaolash house it is extremely important;
- The verified frames on one are transferred to the foundation and put the plafhum sole at the place;
- Every frame transferred to the foundation raise rope, exhibit vertically and fixed by temporary dosens;
- When all frames stand as it should, fix the frame at the corners - at the bottom of the cornice boards (see below), at the top of the skate run too out of the pair of boards;
- When building a house more than 3x4 m, the frame is supported by additional longitudinal screeds;
- At the tightening level (transverse screed of a-frame), the ceiling overlap is harvested, without it the house will not be durable;
- Collect the floor of the house on the usual technology for wooden houses;
- Wings of a frame of 40 mm boards, it is too desirable, highly desirable;
- Collect frames of window and doorways;
- Clean the facades;
- Produce other required construction work.
The house-slash will be quite durable and durable only if the work on its construction lead in the specified sequence. Probably, this is the reason that houses-chalashi build a few - work on the principle of "take more, throw further" is easier.
Drawings of the house-shalya 3x3 m for two three are given in Fig.:
Design of dacha house-shala
On the side, on the left, the construction of facade frames for home up to 4x6 m. Material, as well as intermediate frames - 300x75. First, 2 ties ties (intermediate frames without them) are added to the facade frames. Secondly, instead of the skate run, the ski bar of the same section is used. Thirdly, the frames, except in the corners, are bonded by medium and upper strapping (longitudinal bonds of rigidity) from the same timber. Longitudinal and transverse relationships are connected by the insertion in captivity. Those. On the example of the house 4x6 m, it is already visible how the complexity of the construction and the material intensity of the house-shalya grows with an increase in its size.
Note: On the lower tie, another 2 end of the bar 100x75 are visible on the sides of the window. Internal partitions are based on them. The door frame on the other facade extends up to the tightening and executed from the 75x150 bar; Lower screed of this facade cut. If this house without base, the window frame is in a similar way.
Bungalow and ... Bungalow
In general, the concept of the bungalow is a unheplicable one-room country house with an extensive covered veranda, it is designer from it inherent. For the summer cottage of the day off in sufficiently warm edges, the "generally accepted" house-bungalow is optimal, because Spacious, well ventilated, does not overheat the sun, and in the construction is not more difficult to a frame house, but less material consumption.
Forest house bungalow
However, the builders' specialists outside the tropics today are little known that the bungalow is also a variety of construction technology. Built on it, the bungalow huts (another name - Khakale) still can be found in the forest winners of Russia, the North of the United States and all Canada. Some of them exceeded 200 years, but most of them are still suitable for housing. The house built on the bungalow technology is easy to find out on a 2-layer trim from vertical boards; The outer row is intermittent, see fig. on right.
Bungalow as wooden construction technology combines elements of the frames of the flash and frame with a working trim. Compared to the other technology, the bungalow has a trace. Advantages:
- In wooded areas with developed foresters, it costs cheaper, despite the increased consumption of material for the trim, because For her (shelving), not sustained low-quality materials are suitable, up to the unedged board and waste in the form of a hill.
- The house-bungalow is very different and can be built on an unlunned foundation on the soils to the rapidly inclusive.
- In the raw places, the houses built on the bungalow technology are very durable due to the fact that the paths of penetration of atmospheric moisture into the trim are minimized: the upper ends of the boards are clarified by the oops of the roof.
The shortcomings of the construction of the Bungalow technology firstly, increased demands on the experience and accuracy of the employee (see below). Secondly, some complexity of opening of openings: Outdoor shelling boards need to be cut on the place to fit to the platbands, otherwise pockets are formed - moisture catchers.
Bungalow like bungalow
Bungalow as shelter's houses in general is more popular than harassing houses due to better inhabitants. In the bungalow, do not climb upstairs to sleep and hang out to dine.
The device of the bungalow type shelter is shown in Fig.:
Drawings Mini Domica Bungalow - Refuge
The foundation, of course, is not necessarily tape (in this case, an undelated belt foundation, NBLF), but any suitable to local conditions. If columnar or pile, then the supports need 12: 3 on the parties along the veranda and 4 (under each vertical rack) to others. This house can be pulled up to 3-3.5 m. Then, if you do not extend acc. The veranda, you can hurt the toilet, and the attic in any case remains free for property and supplies.
The "real" bungalow for resting in nature with dimensions of 4x5.875 meters is arranged, of course, more complicated (see Next. Fig.), Similarly, like a frame house (see below). There is no attic (this is a characteristic feature of the "real" recreational bungalows). Requirements for the foundation are the same, but already for soils to the mid-room inclusive; Previous The option is perfectly on the rapidly suitable soils.
Diagram of the device of the house bungalow for rest
Bungalow as technology
The main features of the bungalow as construction technology are indicated above. In addition: the power frame is assembled from a bar from 150x150 without ukosin. Yes Yes! The stiffness of the design gives the trim from vertical boards. Plywood and OSP are little suitable, because Under each piece of sheets, we need lining racks and stretches.
Bungalow construction schemes are given in Fig.:
How to build a house bungalow with a vertical boardwheel
Floor structures are conditionally not shown, they are usual. Please note that on the left in rice: the triple corners of the frame are assembled by the insertion in the threads and in the spike, and the spikes of the racks are on the inside of the corners. This is an indispensable condition for the strength of the design: the elements of the power frame must be cling to the corners and without steel fasteners. Although it is necessary, see the corner reinforcement scheme. In the center in fig. Apply steel corners, lining, etc. innovations in this case are unacceptable! Over the Old Testament "dubbing" you have to pay difficulty.
The plates of the trim need to focus "clutches" (bulging of annual layers) as shown on the right in the rice: internal inside, outdoor outwards. The outer boards should be a bit already internal, then in the process of warming the wood, the casing is conducive and the framework will be burned. With any other location of the "Gorbow" will be split and the whole house will weaken.
All boards are attached to the frame for a short (end) edges of the top three (not in pairs!) Nails or self-tapping screws. The edge boards are also attached along the long edges to the angular racks of the same fastener in a row or snake (zigzag) in 100-120 mm increments. Outdoor boards are attached to the internal edges of fasteners in the short edges; Long - in a row with the same step.
Assembling power frame Bungalow is a very responsible stage of work. And laborious, because Staples with a carpenter hammer do not find it, and the screws 12x300 will not twist the screwdriver. In the old structures, instead of self-tapping spins, oak brazen in the crushing. The frame of the house on technology bungalow is collected in the next. order:
- Collect the bottom frame on the foundation;
- Set racks, aligned vertically and fixed temporary disconse;
- Collected on racks upper frame;
- Multiple pioneer holes under the brackets (markings - the brackets themselves at an angle of 45 degrees). The depth of the pioneer holes 2/3 of the length of the brackets, diameter - 3/4 of the diameter of the UAC;
- Choose under the shelves of the grooves, because Staples should be recessed into the tree;
- Printed brackets with hammer;
- Once again check the verticality of the racks and put the upper steel fasteners;
- Hells a sledge hammer;
- Produce the walls of the walls;
- Remove temporary disclosures and produce other works.
A frame mini-house compared to a large living person has no features; The diagram of its device is given in Fig.:
Scheme of a frame of a frame house with a veranda and loggia
The order of construction of frame houses is thoroughly and with illustrations is described in many sources. You can also watch the video about the construction of the "classic" frame house 6x4 m:
Video: Country house 4 × 6 on frame technology
The complexity and cost of building a frame house is higher than all described above. Attention, knowledge and accuracy required to build a house-shala and bungalow, not in the expense: they do not require costs and time do not take away. But there is a skeleton mini-house and an indisputable advantage: a simple form with vertical walls and smooth trim make it suitable for a wide variety of designer sizes, see fig.
Examples of external design of frame houses
Also the design of the frame house is very plastic. She, on the one hand, forgives rather gross mistakes of novice builders. On the other hand, gives creative lovers a certain expanser for experiments. See, for example, the roller about the construction of a small skeleton-asylum house:
Video: Mini-frame lodge with his own hands
To this plot you need only to add that the comments of the audience about the insulation are fair. Since it is impossible to "drive out" the dew point once, and there is no massive walls, where it could "walk", no, insulation materials in such structures need to be used non-condensate in layer in the insulation layer and then inside: EPPS or cellulose insulation (EcoC) .
In conclusion about the roof
Rigel roofs (everything, as it is, its carrying design) of a small house also has a feature. It is determined by small size, and, as a result, excessive rigidity of the structure, as well as the presence of a lack of in it (forgive the Office) to put the carrying partition (inner capital wall). For retention, the latter requires a complete foundation; At a minimum - tape normal blowout.
Stropil structures (in this case, this is the same roof rigleel) are, as you know, hanging (pos. 1a in Fig.) And the ultimate (pos. 1b):
Stropile structures of a small country house
In the first rack of the rafter farm relies on a transverse beam-tie, and in a climbing partition; screed cut. Make a carrier partition in a small house technically possible, but not justified in any sense, including ergonomic - inhabitability. Therefore, the rafter farms of small houses make only hanging. As for the methods of assembling the rafter design of a small house, they can be any of those known, pos. 3 and 4. Choose any way by the ability, availability of materials and desire. The minimum size of houseboards for home to 6x6 m - 40x130, the skate bar - 100x75 and Mauerlat - from 150x75. In the bungalow's house and skeleton Mauerlat can serve directly the topping of the upper strapping.
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